Scheduled Monument: LEAN LOW BOWL BARROW (1010930)

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Authority English Heritage
Other Ref SM Cat. No. 201
Date assigned Tuesday, June 16, 1970
Date last amended Monday, July 13, 1992


REASONS FOR DESIGNATION Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Although partially disturbed by quarrying and excavation, Lean Low bowl barrow is still a reasonably well-preserved example containing further significant archaeological remains. DETAILS Lean Low bowl barrow is a sub-circular cairn which utilises a natural knoll on the western upland ridges of the limestone plateau of Derbyshire. The monument includes a mound measuring 17m by 15m with an apparent height of c.1.5m. Partial excavation carried out by Marsden in 1972, however, has shown that the actual height of the mound, above the old surface of the knoll, is between 0.45 and 0.75m. The mound has suffered slight disturbance in the past caused by stone robbing and quarrying. Marsden's excavation located a burial west of centre of the mound lying on the old land surface. Elsewhere he found scattered human and animal bones and flint implements, including a barbed and tanged arrowhead, a jet bead and a human cremation. Previous partial excavations carried out by Bateman in 1843 and 1847 uncovered a crouched skeleton on the old land surface, an extended burial higher in the mound and a cist containing a human cremation and a food vessel. The burials on the old land surface may have been earlier than those placed higher in the mound, suggesting the monument was utilised over a long period of time throughout the Bronze Age. Excluded from the scheduling are the walls crossing the monument and the Ordnance Survey trig point on the northern edge. The ground beneath these features is, however, included. SELECTED SOURCES Book Reference - Author: Barnatt, J. - Title: The Peak District Barrow Survey - Type: DESC TEXT Book Reference - Author: Barnatt, J. - Title: The Peak District Barrow Survey - Type: PLAN: MEASURED Book Reference - Author: Bateman, T - Title: Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire - Date: 1848 - Page References: 35-6 - Type: DESC TEXT - Description: Also page 102 Book Reference - Author: Marsden B - Title: The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire (1977) - Date: 1977 - Page References: 49-50 - Type: DESC TEXT Article Reference - Author: Manby T G - Title: Food Vessels of the Peak District (1957) - Date: 1957 - Journal Title: Derbyshire Archaeological Journal - Volume: 77 - Page References: 1-29 - Type: DESC TEXT

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Sources (1)

  • Scheduling record: English Heritage. 1970. Scheduling Notification: Lean Low Bowl Barrow. List entry no. 1010930. SM Cat. No. 201.



Grid reference Centred SK 1495 6222 (15m by 15m)
Map sheet SK16SW

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Record last edited

Aug 21 2013 2:33PM

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