Scheduled Monument: ATLOW MOATED SITE, ENCLOSURE AND CAUSEWAY (1011620)

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Authority English Heritage
Other Ref SM Cat. No. 366
Date assigned Wednesday, October 4, 1995
Date last amended

Description

DESCRIPTION OF THE MONUMENT The monument is situated on the north west side of Henmore Brook and includes a moated site, two banked enclosures and a raised track or causeway which leads to the moat from the north west and separates the enclosures. The moated site comprises a roughly square platform measuring 36m by 38m surrounded by a 10m wide moat with a 1m high outer bank. A channel leads from the southern corner of the moat to the brook and would have acted as a drain for water soaking into the moat from the slope to the north west. It is unlikely that the moat was ever entirely waterfilled. On the north west side of the moat, there is a semi-circular indentation in the edge of the platform. This lies opposite the causeway and indicates the site of a bridge across the moat. In the middle of the moat there is a dressed gritstone block interpreted as part of a bridge support. The causeway is c.4m wide and extends northwards for c.80m. The enclosures, which are each c.80m square, are too overgrown for any features to be discerned, but they would have been the sites of ancillary buildings associated with the moated homestead. It is recorded that, in very dry weather, the outlines of buildings can also be seen on the moated platform. Documentary evidence indicates that the site was, at one time, the home of the Atlow family and passed by marriage to the Okeovers. Under the Okeovers it was held by the Parkers, a junior branch of the Atlow family. Excluded from the scheduling is a septic tank, although the ground beneath it is included. ASSESSMENT OF IMPORTANCE Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains. The moated site at Atlow is a well preserved example of a small homestead moat where additional features survive outside the moat itself, demonstrating the diversity of this class of monument. The monument has suffered only minimal disturbance since it was abandoned and retains the buried remains of buildings and other features throughout. Well preserved organic and environmental remains will also survive in the waterlogged deposits of the moat.

External Links (1)

Sources (1)

  • Scheduling record: English Heritage. 1995. Scheduling notification: Atlow moated site, enclosures and causeway. List entry no. 1011620. SM Cat. No. 366.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SK 2268 4851 (182m by 182m)
Map sheet SK24NW
Civil Parish ATLOW, DERBYSHIRE DALES, DERBYSHIRE

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Record last edited

Jul 31 2013 4:06PM

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