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Grade II*
Authority Historic England
Volume/Map/Item 668, 1, 16A
Date assigned Tuesday, January 21, 1964
Date last amended


In the entry for the following:- 1. NORTH STREET 1390 CROMFORD The Arkwright Houses Nos 1-11 (consec) SK 2956 1/16A 21.1.64 the address shall be amended to read: NORTH STREET CROMFORD The Arkwright Houses Unnumbered house to the left of no 1 and nos 1 to 11 (inclusive) the grade shall be amended to grade II*, and the description shall be amended to read: 2. Row of eleven houses. Built 1776-7 by Richard Arkwright to accommodate textile workers. Coursed rubble; tiled roofs. Brick ridge stacks. This and the row opposite (nos 14-29) are the first of the workers' houses erected by Arkwright and mark an important stage in the development of the textile industry and workers' housing in that they provided both accommodation for the workers at his new Cromford Mill and workshop space on the second floor. The un-numbered house, although part of the row, is double fronted and had no workshop and was probably the manager's house. Originally single unit with services to rear (the earliest services appear to have been small gabled wings to the rear: see gable scars). 3 storeys, two domestic and the top floor for workshops which it is understood extended uninterrupted along the entire floor of the row. Side stairs against end and party walls behind and to one side of the front entrance; 2-bay front elevations, the entrance bay with no windows above to 1st floor; the other with 2-light stone mullioned windows to ground and 1st floor and 4-light windows to 2nd (workshop) floor. Doorways with substantial rectangular lintels and crude capitals and bases to imposts, all tooled. The windows originally had one fixed and leaded casement and one sliding sash. Moulded stone eaves cornice extends along entire length of row. The doorways and windows survive intact with the exception to no. where 2 lights of the workshop windows have been blocked. The un-numbered house differs it that it has 2-light mullioned windows to all floors. The original scheme of fixed casement/sash has been reinstated to all houses except nos 1, 3, 10 and 11 which have conventional casements. Rear: Blocked 4-light workshop windows to 2nd floor. Single-storey rubble outshuts have replaced original rear service wings except a storeyed version to the un-numbered (former manager's) house where it survives intact. Rear wing to no 11 with 2 blocked 2-light windows to ground, and 2 2-light mullioned casements to 1st floors. Later openings to end wall. Slate-roofed rubble pig-sty or privy to rear of no 9 is included in this listing. Interiors. (Nos 1 and 10 only inspected): ground-floor room with chamfered and stopped ceiling beam and is protected from drafts by a tongue-and-groove wide-planked baffle. lst-floor room formerly sub-divided (see ceiling beam with chamfer to one side only). No 10 has a stone corbelled fireplace (corbels renewed). Roof (of no 1): principals with high-set collars, single purlins, all roughly squared. 1. NORTH STREET 1390 CROMFORD The Arkvright Houses Nos 1 to 11 (consec) SK 2956 1/16A 21.1.64. II GV 2. + Late C18. Built by Sir Richard Arkviright. Coursed stone rubble; 3 storeys, the top floors formerly workrooms; 13 2-light mullioned windows, many with original glazing consisting of leaded lights in one half of the window and a small-paned sash in the other part. Top floor windows in most cases originally wide workroom windows which appear to have been made smaller at least a century ago, Old tiled roofs. Including block on left-hand side, originally part of the range and now a warehouse with 2 2-light mullioned windows and a blocked doorway at centre. The Arkwright Houses Nos 1 to 11 (consec) Church of England School; Nos 1 & 2 (School House) & The Arkwright Houses Nos 14 to 29 (consec) form a group. Listing NGR: SK2945756752

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Grid reference SK 29457 56752 (point)
Map sheet SK25NE

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Record last edited

Nov 28 2008 2:03PM

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