Scheduled Monument: CAIRN 720M NORTH EAST OF LADY WASH FARM (1018481)

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Authority English Heritage
Other Ref SM Cat. No. 435
Date assigned Thursday, January 21, 1999
Date last amended

Description

REASONS FOR DESIGNATION The East Moors in Derbyshire includes all the gritstone moors east of the River Derwent. It covers an area of 105 sq km, of which around 63% is open moorland and 37% is enclosed. As a result of recent and on-going archaeological survey, the East Moors area is becoming one of the best recorded upland areas in England. On the enclosed land the archaeological remains are fragmentary, but survive sufficiently well to show that early human activity extended beyond the confines of the open moors. On the open moors there is significant and well-articulated evidence over extensive areas for human exploitation of the gritstone uplands from the Neolithic to the post-medieval periods. Bronze Age activity accounts for the most intensive use of the moorlands. Evidence for it includes some of the largest and best preserved field systems and cairnfields in northern England as well settlement sites, numerous burial monuments, stone circles and other ceremonial remains which, together, provide a detailed insight into life in the Bronze Age. Also of importance is the well preserved and often visible relationship between the remains of earlier and later periods since this provides an insight into successive changes in land use through time. A large number of the prehistoric sites on the moors, because of their rarity in a national context, excellent state of preservation and inter-connections, will be identified as nationally important. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2,000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalents of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. This example of a round cairn survives complete and, as such, will retain buried information on prehistoric funerary practice. It will also contribute to understanding of the wider prehistoric remains in Eyam Moor. DETAILS The monument includes a small prehistoric cairn located on a slight ridge of gently shelving land at the south of Eyam Moor. The monument is a well-preserved example of a small cairn of stones. It measures 2.5m by 3.5m and stands about 0.5m high. It is located in a relatively isolated position, away from the main prehistoric cairnfields on Eyam Moor which demonstrate land clearance and agriculture during the Bronze Age. There are, however, several other cairns in this part of the Moor and this small dispersed group is interpreted as a barrow cemetery, set apart from the main areas of prehistoric agriculture. The cairn is complete with only a very minor depression close to its centre which does not appear to be the result of excavation. As such, the cairn retains much buried information on prehistoric funerary practice. SELECTED SOURCES Unpublished Title Reference - Author: Barnatt, J. W. - Title: Highlow Hall and Eyam Moor ... Archaeological Survey 1994-5. - Date: 1995 - Type: DESC TEXT - Description: unpublished survey archive

External Links (0)

Sources (1)

  • Scheduling record: English Heritage. 1999. Scheduling Notification: Cairn 720m north east of Lady Wash Farm. List entry no. 1018481. SM Cat. No. 435.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SK 2230 7840 (16m by 18m)
Map sheet SK27NW
Civil Parish EYAM, DERBYSHIRE DALES, DERBYSHIRE

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Record last edited

Oct 16 2013 11:22AM

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