(Early Bronze Age to Saxon - 2350 BC? to 1065 AD?)
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A barrow raised upon an irregular protuberant rock on Bailey Hill, between the Dove and Bostorn on the Derbyshire side of the stream. It was opened the 3rd August 1850 by S Carrington. Two inhumations were found in a rock-grave, one with a Food Vessel and a boar's tusk blade. A cremation with a pair of bone tweezers (or bone strap end), perforated for suspension was also found. (1-3,6). Carrington comments that this is the most 'primitive' barrow he has excavated and suggests the bone artefact and cremation were later additions to a much earlier mound. (2).
The Food Vessel has been described as made of thick clay with a narrow, moulded lip and plain in decoration. It is 5¼ inches high, 5½ inches in diameter at the top and 3 inches in diameter at the base. (1). Bateman describes the vessel as made of a coarse heavy brown paste, with much grit and a dark grey core. (2).
Baley Hill is a natural feature and the reported tumulus was not located. (4).
In the centre of the barrow was an irregular rock cut grave, 0.9 metres deep at one end and filled with stone. Within the grave, an adult inhumation, disturbed by later burials and a contracted inhumation, lying on the right side with their head facing west were discovered. By the face of the crouched skeleton was a food vessel and behind the skull was a large boar's tusk. Approximately 0.3 metres down in the fill was a cremation found with some unburnt bone tweezers. Elsewhere in the barrow, sherds of two vessels, one at the top and the other at the bottom of the barrow were recovered. (7).
Bibliographic reference: Bateman, T. 1848. Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire. p 54, 128.
Bibliographic reference: Bateman, T. 1861. Ten Years' Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Grave Hills. pp 169-170.
Article in serial: Manby, T. 1957. 'Food vessels of the Peak District', Derbyshire Archaeological Journal. Volume 77, pp 1-29. p 21.
Personal Observation: F1 JB 20-MAY-66.
Bibliographic reference: Marsden, B. 1977. The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire. p 79.
Unpublished document: Barnatt, J. 1989. The Peak District Barrow Survey (updated 1994). Site 9:31.
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Centred SK 144 540 (43m by 40m) (Centre)
NEWTON GRANGE, DERBYSHIRE DALES, DERBYSHIRE
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Record last edited
Jan 12 2015 4:51PM
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