Monument record MDR1108 - Cromwell's Low Barrow, Tissington
Type and Period (4)
- BOWL BARROW (Early Bronze Age to Saxon - 2350 BC to 1065 AD?)
- CREMATION (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
- HUMAN REMAINS (Saxon - 410 AD to 1065 AD)
- CIST (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
On March 30th 1848 Bateman opened a barrow about a mile from Sharp Low [SMR 14301], describing it as resembling Sharp Low in every respect except the height which was about 4ft. Two disturbed skeletons were found, around which were 'many fragments of iron', probably the remains of a shield. A food vessel of Manby's Type 2(ii) was found with a cremation and a stag's tine in a central limestone cist/rock grave. (1, 4-6) (SK 1534 5267) The barrow is labelled 'Tumulus' on an Ordnance Survey map of 1955. (3) Manby suggests that the grid reference for the barrow is SK 153 527. (5) The published survey (25") is correct. (7) Bestall records that it was not found possible to state with certainty that this barrow exists at the grid reference SK 153 527. (8) Listed in surveys as a barrow, 60ft in diameter, with a primary inhumation in a rock-grave, with a food vessel of Type 2 (ii) and a piece of stag's horn. The bones of two badly disturbed skeletons on the old ground surface were also discovered alongside iron fragments which may suggest later Anglian use of the barrow. (9, 10) This fine bowl barrow is 1.1m-1.2m high and lies within a small walled plantation. Several trees grow on the mound. The sides are unploughed and largely look undisturbed. Three pits at the centre indicate small scale robbing or excavation. Although Bateman's account of a barrow opened on March 30th has been attributed to this site, as above, the attribution is not absolutely certain as several other barrows, now presumed lost or destroyed, were opened by Bateman, Jewitt and Lucas in this area [see SMRs 14303, 14304, 14305]. (11) Cromwell's Low bowl barrow became a scheduled monument in 1969, this being affirmed in 1992. It is a sub-circular cairn in a ridge-top location in the south-western ridges of the limestone plateau of Derbyshire. The monument includes a mound measuring 19m by 16m and standing c.1.3m high. This was partially excavated by Thomas Bateman in 1848 and found to contain, at the centre, a rock-cut grave covered by two limestone slabs in which was deposited a cremation burial accompanied by a fragment of antler and a food vessel indicating a Bronze Age date for the barrow. Outside the grave, on the old land surface beneath the barrow, were found the disturbed remains of two skeletons in association with iron nails or rivets, buckles and the fittings of a shield. These indicate the re-use of the barrow in the Anglian period. Excluded from the scheduling are the drystone walls crossing the edge of the monument, although the ground beneath them is included. (12) Site monitoring has been carried out and area appears not to be under imminent threat. (15)
- <1> SDR16985 Bibliographic reference: Bateman, T. 1861. Ten Years' Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Grave Hills. p. 27.
- <2> SDR845 Bibliographic reference: Abercromby, J. 1905.
- <3> SDR12080 Map: Ordnance Survey (OS). 1955. 6".
- <4> SDR6834 Article in serial: Fowler, M. 1955. 'The Transition from the late Neolithic to the Early Bronze Age', Derbyshire Archaeological Journal. Volume 75, pp 77-112. p 107.
- <5> SDR8479 Article in serial: Manby, T. 1957. 'Food vessels of the Peak District', Derbyshire Archaeological Journal. Volume 77, pp 1-29. p 24.
- <6> SDR6903 Bibliographic reference: Meaney, A. 1964. A Gazetteer of Early Anglo-Saxon Burial Sites. p78-9.
- <7> SDR6157 Personal Observation: F1 FC 02-DEC-66.
- <8> SDR4514 Article in serial: Bestall, J. 1970. 'Scheduled Ancient Monuments in Derbyshire' Derbyshire Archaeological Journal. Volume 90. viii.
- <9> SDR8643 Bibliographic reference: Marsden, B. 1977. The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire. p96-7.
- <10> SDR10000 Index: North Derbyshire Archaeological Trust (NDAT). North Derbyshire Archaeological Trust Index. 1934, 2833.
- <11> SDR2466 Unpublished document: Barnatt, J. 1989. The Peak District Barrow Survey (updated 1994). Site 9:16, 9:35.
- <12> SDR18126 Scheduling record: English Heritage. 1992. Scheduling Notification: Cromwell's Low Bowl Barrow. 13319. 189.
- <13> SDR18970 Photograph: Peak District National Park Authority (PDNPA). Black and white photograph collection. 432.0-1.
- <14> SDR18971 Photograph: Peak District National Park Authority (PDNPA). Slide Collection. 14310.1.
- <15> SDR22179 Unpublished document: Gregory, R (PDNPA). 2008. Scheduled Monument Monitoring Form: Cromwell's Low Bowl Barrow.
|Grid reference||Centred SK 1534 5267 (17m by 18m) (Centre)|
|Civil Parish||TISSINGTON, DERBYSHIRE DALES, DERBYSHIRE|
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Related Events/Activities (3)
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Record last edited
Jan 12 2015 4:51PM