Building record MDR12676 - Wycliffe United Reformed Church, Church Street, Alfreton

Type and Period (2)

Protected Status/Designation

Full Description

The Independents have a handsome chapel in Church Street, which was erected in 1850, at a cost of £1000. It will seat about 300 persons. (1) Wycliffe Independent Chapel is situated here on the 1st edition OS map. (2) Dissent has found a home in Alfreton since the middle of the 17th century. The Rev. John Oldfield, who was ejected from the living of Carsington in 1662, for his non-conformity, spent the latter part of his life at Alfreton. The Old Meeting House stood on the Alfreton Hall estate. This was superseded in 1854 by the present handsome Congregational Chapel, built at a cost of £1,024. The style is Norman, and the details have been well carried out. The edifice consists of nave, with side aisles, and a tower flanking the front, in which is the principal entrance. On the walls are mural tablets to Mrs Mary Roberts, who died in 1888; and to the Rev. T Gallsworthy and his wife, who died in 1888 and 1884 respectively. (3) The Congregational chapel, founded in 1708, has 400 sittings. In 1906 the chapel was enlarged, Sunday schools added, and an Assembly Hall erected, at a total cost of £1,700. (4) The Congregational Chapel on Church Street is built of brick and slate, with a gabled stone front. It is in a Romanesque style by G C Gilbert of Nottingham. It was built in 1850 on a new site for a church that originated in the late 17th century. The north front has two tiers of windows, and a northwest tower that was formerly surmounted by a spire, with an entrance in the lower stage. There is also a second entrance at the northeast corner. The interior is divided by east and west arcades, with clerestory lighting, and has a small wheel window above the northeast entrance, of nine lights filled with coloured glass. (5) A church dating to circa 1860. It has been built in a Free Norman style. It is built of coursed squared sandstone, with ashlar dressings; and has a banded blue and green slate roof, with crested ridge tiles and stone coped gables enriched with dogtooth ornament. It comprises a five-bay nave and single-bay chancel, both with east and west aisles, and a western aisle with tower to the north end. To the north, the street elevation has a gabled nave to the centre. Beyond, to the east, the aisle has a semicircular-headed doorcase of three orders, trefoil inner arch and two roll moulded arches on volute capitals and nookshafts. To the west of the nave is the four-stage tower, also with a semicircular-headed doorcase of three orders on nookshafts with volute capitals. Other sides of the building are mostly enclosed by other structures, except the eastern clerestory, which has a rose window to the north, and four triple semicircular-headed windows to the south. The interior has a five-bay arcade to the east and a four-bay arcade to the west, each with moulded semicircular arches on quatrefoil piers with waterleaf or foliage capitals. There is a corbelled arched braced roof, and plain late 19th century fittings. See list description for more details. (6) It is still in use as a place of worship [2011]. (7)

Sources/Archives (7)

  • <1> Bibliographic reference: White, F & Co.. 1857. History, Gazetteer & Directory of the County of Derby. p 660.
  • <2> Map: Ordnance Survey (OS). 1882. OS County Series, 1st edition, scale 1:2500 (c. 25" to one mile).
  • <3> Bibliographic reference: Bulmer, T and Co.. 1895. History, Topography and Directory of Derbyshire. p 612.
  • <4> Bibliographic reference: Kelly, A L (ed.). 1912. Kelly's Directory of Derbyshire. p 22.
  • <5> Bibliographic reference: RCHME (Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England). 1986. An Inventory of Nonconformist Chapels and Meeting-houses in Central England - Derbyshire extract. p 32.
  • <6> Listed Building File: Historic England. 2011. The National Heritage List for England. List entry number 1109032, Ref: 79059.
  • <7> Map: Ordnance Survey (OS). Current Mastermap and 1:10000 series.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SK 4086 5576 (29m by 29m)
Civil Parish ALFRETON, AMBER VALLEY, DERBYSHIRE

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Record last edited

Oct 8 2021 2:07PM

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