During August 1999 a group of four features containing burnt stones and charcoal were excavated within the draw-down zone of Howden Reservoir, to the east of the King's Tree, after their discovery on the reservoir bed in 1997. The excavations were undertaken to assess the date, nature and condition of the features. They showed that three of the features were shallow pits containing charcoal, burnt gritstones and charcoal-rich silty clay. No other materials or artefacts were found within the pits apart from one tiny fragment of possible burnt bone. The largest pit was almost exclusively packed with burnt stones and charcoal. A fourth, later, pit cut into this, but contained clean sand and unburnt stones except for charcoal disturbed from the earlier pit. The pits were oval or round, with steep sides grading to rounded bottoms, and survived to depths of between 0.08 and 0.21 metres, although they were probably originally deeper. Charcoal from the basal fills of two of the pits was radiocarbon dated to the 3rd millennium BC, the later Neolithic. It may represent the remains of fires used to heat the stones which were then used to heat water. These pits are the first potentially domestic structures in the Peak District to produce a calibrated radiocarbon date to this millennium and are therefore of national/regional importance. (1, 2)
Article in serial: Bevan, B (PDNPA). 2003. 'Neolithic pits, Howden Reservoir, Hope Woodlands, Derbyshire: excavation and fieldwalking 1999', Derbyshire Archaeological Journal. Volume 123, pp 29-49.
Find a placename, postcode or grid reference
The map is limited to 3000 records per layer so not all records are being displayed for this area. Zoom in to see more.
Centred SK 1682 9386 (24m by 22m)
HOPE WOODLANDS, HIGH PEAK, DERBYSHIRE
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (1)
Please contact the HER for details.
External Links (0)
Record last edited
Aug 2 2012 2:28PM
Comments and Feedback
Do you have any more information about this record? Please feel free to comment with information and photographs, or ask any questions, using the "Disqus" tool below. Comments are moderated, and we aim to respond/publish as soon as possible.