A number of quarries sprang up of expanded following the opening of the Cromford and High Peak Railway in 1830/1 including Bone Mill (Hopton). This can claim a national place in history in being, for a few years after 1963, the sole UK producer of magnesium metal. Bone Mill Quarry was reopened a few years ago to crush stone for aggregates but has also produced polished dolomite in a rich yellow ochre colour sold under the name, Golconda. (1)
The 1st edition 25" Ordnance Survey map of c. 1880 shows there was Hopton Bone Works at this location, presumably where the name 'Bone Mill Quarry' was derived from. (2)
The 3rd edition 25" Ordnance Survey map of the early 20th century shows a small Quarry, named as Bone Mill. (3)
Modern maps show this quarry has expanded considerably to the north-east and is still in use. (4)
Unpublished document: Thomas, I (National Stone Centre). 2012. The Lower Derwent Valley: The Exploitation and Use of Historic Building Materials. p 27, 30.
Map: Ordnance Survey (OS). 1882. OS County Series, 1st edition, scale 1:2500 (c. 25" to one mile).
Map: Ordnance Survey (OS). 1912-1921. OS County Series, 3rd edition (Second Revision), scale 1:2500 (25" to one mile).
Personal Observation: Greenwood, N. Personal observation based on map evidence, site visit etc..
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Centred SK 2565 5481 (435m by 371m)
HOPTON, DERBYSHIRE DALES, DERBYSHIRE
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Record last edited
Jan 15 2014 10:17AM
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