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Monument record MDR13765 - Bonsall Wood Basalt Quarry, Via Gellia, Bonsall

Type and Period (1)

  • (Victorian to Early 20th Century - 1900 AD to 1930 AD)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Full Description

Although basalt was exploited at three or more quarries in the Via Gellia Valley (notably at Ible Quarry and Bonsall Wood), as far as is known, all the output was all destined for aggregates. (1) Bonsall Wood Basalt Quarry was at the junction of the Via Gellia and the road up to Bonsall behind the Pig of Lead public house. Geologically, although shown on maps as the Matlock Lower Lava, the deposit is more a limestone with a high volcanic ash content, described as rather slaggy and full of calcite crystals. An archetypal 'Heath Robinson' plant was working there in the 1920s linked by a small tramway through the backyard of the public house to the quarry just beyond. Photographs in the 1930s show that the plant had been removed. Both the Pig of Lead and the quarry were run by the Axe family. This was operated by the Bonsall Wood Basalt Company, based at Longford Street, Derby. (2) Bonsall Wood Basalt Quarry is shown on the 3rd edition 25" Ordnance Survey map of the early 20th century. (3)

Sources/Archives (3)

  • <1> Unpublished document: Thomas, I (National Stone Centre). 2012. The Lower Derwent Valley: The Exploitation and Use of Historic Building Materials. p 30.
  • <2> Bibliographic reference: Tarmac Ltd. 2000. Tarmac Papers: The Archives and History Initiative of Tarmac Limited Volume IV. p 292.
  • <3> Map: Ordnance Survey (OS). 1912-1921. OS County Series, 3rd edition (Second Revision), scale 1:2500 (25" to one mile).



Grid reference Centred SK 2829 5744 (194m by 94m)

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Record last edited

Dec 21 2018 9:27AM

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