Close to remains of coke ovens (SMR7184), a road runs off from the 1759 road and leads directly to the mouth of a coal tunnel. The track has some paved stone remains that carried a narrow gauge plateway. The colliery was drained by a sough (The Duke's Level), which was also used as a canal for the transport of the coal. (1)
From at least 1690 coal was available from a small coalfield to the west of Buxton. The principle pits at this early date were at Thatch Marsh and Goyt's Moss which produced coal from the Ringinglow and Yard seams respectively. Neither was of high quality and the latter was particularly poor being very shaley; at nearby Whaley Bridge is was locally termed 'kiln coal', being used mostly as fuel for lime kilns and similar industrial structures. (2)
'Goyt Colliery is situated at this location on the 1st edition 25" OS map of c. 1880. By the 2nd edition 25" OS map of c. 1900, the colliery is disused. (3, 4)
Bibliographic reference: Fowkes, D (ed.). 2004. Derbyshire Industrial Archaeology: A Gazetteer of Sites, Part I, Borough of High Peak (second edition). pp. 30-31.
Article in serial: Leach, J. 1995. 'Burning lime in Derbyshire pye kilns', Industrial Archaeology Review.
Map: Ordnance Survey (OS). 1882. OS County Series, 1st edition, scale 1:2500 (c. 25" to one mile).
Map: Ordnance Survey (OS). 1896-1900. OS County Series, 2nd edition (1st revision), scale 1:2500 (c. 25" to one mile).
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Centred SK 0324 7210 (232m by 137m)
HARTINGTON UPPER QUARTER, HIGH PEAK, DERBYSHIRE
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Record last edited
Nov 27 2015 3:38PM
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