Monument record MDR15560 - Cromford to Belper (via Holloway and Crich) Turnpike Road, Amber Valley and Derbyshire Dales
Type and Period (2)
- TOLL ROAD (Georgian - 1766 AD to 1766 AD)
- PACKHORSE ROAD (Medieval to Georgian - 1066 AD to 1766 AD)
- World Heritage Site
The earlier turnpike route between Belper and Cromford ran via Holloway and Crich, following an old way that was near the top of the local hills. It was a traditionally built turnpike road constructed in 1766. Fifty years later a new route was constructed along the River Derwent, eliminating the steep gradients of the one before [see SMR 99062]. (1) Early packhouse routes generally followed the high ground, only descending to the valley bottom to cross the river. Cromford lay at one of the crossing points of the Derwent. A packhorse way went from Cromford through Lea Bridge and towards Holloway. (2) The road deviates away from the route of the former packhorse way from Cromford Station to Lea Wood [see SMR 29778 for packhorse route]. (3)
- <1> SDR16833 Article in serial: Radley, J & Penny, S. 1972. 'The turnpike roads of the Peak District', Derbyshire Archaeological Journal. Volume 92, pp 93-109. p. 97.
- <2> SDR20655 Unpublished document: Stroud, G. 2001. Extensive Urban Survey: Cromford. Archaeological Assessment Report. pp. 6-7.
- <3> SDR20769 Personal Observation: Manning, N. Personal observation, map evidence, field visit etc..
|Grid reference||Centred SK 3406 5532 (6237m by 5696m)|
|Civil Parish||CROMFORD, DERBYSHIRE DALES, DERBYSHIRE|
|Civil Parish||CRICH, AMBER VALLEY, DERBYSHIRE|
|Civil Parish||DETHICK, AMBER VALLEY, DERBYSHIRE|
|Civil Parish||RIPLEY, AMBER VALLEY, DERBYSHIRE|
|World Heritage Site||Derwent Valley Mills|
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Record last edited
Dec 21 2018 9:27AM