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Monument record MDR1592 - Newhaven Railway Tunnel, Cromford & High Peak Railway, Hartington Town Quarter

Type and Period (1)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Full Description

SK 151 629. The Newhaven railway tunnel goes under the Ashbourne to Buxton road. It has masonry portals inscribed on the western side with Jessop Engineer and the Cromford and High Peak Railway coat of arms and on the other, with a wagon and the date 1825. (1) Tunnel with cutting (SMR 7095) on either side; cut through limestone with the A515 passing over the top. The tunnel is approximately five metres wide and 40 metres long. From the ground, the tunnel appears to be more of a bridge. The tunnel is approximately six metres high, but the entire tunnel/bridge structure is approximately 12.15 metres high. The tunnel is constructed from dressed limestone blocks held together with mortar. Iron fittings can still be seen at the south end of the tunnel for holding telegraph wires. There are inscriptions at either end of the tunnel, carrying the name of the Cromford & High Peak Railway, the date is 1825, Joseph Jessop Esq. Engineer & William Brittle Bank Esq. (2) Tunnel carrying the CHPR under the Buxton-Ashbourne Road. Two different stone plaques dated 1825 on portals. (10)

Sources/Archives (10)

  • <1> Bibliographic reference: 1975. Council of British Archaeology Panel on Industrial Monuments. 6.
  • <2> Archive: Jessop, O. 2003. Cromford & High Peak Railway and Peak Forest Tramway Survey. ARCUS 738b. Feature number: 243.
  • <3> Photograph: ARCUS. 2003. Cromford & High Peak Railway and Peak Forest Tramway Survey, Project 738b. Digital photograph. 325-327.
  • <4> Map: Ordnance Survey (OS). 1882. OS County Series, 1st edition, scale 1:2500 (c. 25" to one mile). XXVIII.9.
  • <5> Bibliographic reference: Marshall, J. 1996. The Cromford & High Peak Railway. p23.
  • <6> Article in serial: Baxter, B. 1949. 'Early railways in Derbyshire', Engineering. Vol. 167, pp 573-576. pp 575-576.
  • <7> Article in serial: Marshall, J. 1981. 'High Peak Sesquicentenary, part one,' Railway Magazine. July edition, pp 322-325. p325, 425.
  • <8> Bibliographic reference: Nixon, F. 1969. The Industrial Archaeology of Derbyshire. p57, 272.
  • <9> Bibliographic reference: Nicholson, C P & Barnes, P. 1975. Railways in the Peak District. pp 15-16.
  • <10> Bibliographic reference: Fowkes, D (ed.). 1997. Derbyshire Industrial Archaeology. A Gazetteer of Sites. Part IV. Derbyshire Dales.



Grid reference Centred SK 151 630 (100m by 100m) (Centre)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

  • EDR1790

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Record last edited

Dec 2 2014 11:54AM

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