SK 18 74: Rolley Low, Round barrow (site of): The barrow named Rolley Low excavated by Bateman on the 31st July 1848 has previously been ascribed to SMR 6423-5. However, there is significant uncertainty as Bateman stated the barrow he dug had a diameter of 13.5m (45ft) while SMR 6423 has one of 26 x 23m and is crossed by a drystone wall which would have hindered a central excavation. Thus there is a distinct possibility that Bateman dug at a different barrow, now lost, described as on an elevated part of Wardlow Common about half a mile from the village. This was 1.5m (5ft) high in 1844. Bateman dug a trench at the centre, near the surface were a few human bones and a Roman coin. Below these was a bronze awl. At 0.9m (3ft) down was a walled structure divided into five partitions by large slabs. There were no capstones but the structure appeared undisturbed with a fill of small stones. The compartments contained: a headless inhumation and the jaw of a child; an inhumation; an inverted collared urn over a cremation, with an antler tine and a human skull; an inhumation with an antler tine and an otter jaw; empty (or unexcavated ). At 1.2m (4ft) down was an inhumation and three flints, on the capstone covering a rectangular cist set into the old ground surface. This contained a contracted inhumation with a food vessel, a flint knife, a flint ?awl, a large boar's tusk, a piece of "tempered clay" and fragments of decayed wood. Elsewhere in the trench was a beaker sherd , a flint and a few animal bones. (6).
Bibliographic reference: Bateman, T. 1848. Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire. pp 55-56.
Bibliographic reference: Jewitt, L. 1870. Grave Mounds and their Contents. fig. 22.
Bibliographic reference: Abercromby, J. 1912. Bronze Age Pottery of the British Isles. pp 140, 184.
Article in serial: Manby, T. 1957. 'Food vessels of the Peak District', Derbyshire Archaeological Journal. Volume 77, pp 1-29.
Bibliographic reference: Clarke, D. 1970. Beaker Pottery of Great Britain and Ireland. no. 152F.
Unpublished document: Barnatt, J. 1989. The Peak District Barrow Survey (updated 1994). Site 4:21.
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SK 18 73 (point) (Approximate)
WARDLOW, DERBYSHIRE DALES, DERBYSHIRE
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Oct 11 2016 10:43AM
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