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Monument record MDR2256 - Fissure cave, Windy Knoll Fissure, Castleton

Type and Period (2)

  • (Undated)
  • (Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 10001 BC)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Full Description

SK 126 830: Windy Knoll Fissure: Palaeolithic animal remains from Windy Knoll fissure. (1-3). SK 12608 83015. Windy Knoll. Remains of Bison, Reindeer, Grizzly Bear etc. found. (4). Windy Knoll Caves/Shafts. Large cave with an entrance chamber located near Windy Knoll Quarry. It is a fissure cave shown on the 1880 Ordnance Survey map but is now obliterated or lost. It was excavated in 1874 and 1876 and contained late Pleistocene animal bones, including bison, reindeer, bear and wolves (1,2). There is a capped shaft visible in the roof of the cave, documented as being for lead and fluorspar. (5). One or more human burials associated. (6).

Sources/Archives (6)

  • <1> Article in serial: Boyd-Dawkins, W. 1875. 'Excavations at Windy Knoll fissure Cave', Quaterally Journal of the Geological Society. Vol. 5, pp 246-255.
  • <2> Article in serial: Boyd-Dawkins, W. 1877. 'Excavations at Windy Knoll fissure Cave', Quaterally Journal of the Geological Society. Vol. 11, pp 724-729.
  • <3> Index: NDAT. 0580.
  • <4> Map: Ordnance Survey (OS). 1882. OS County Series, 1st edition, scale 1:2500 (c. 25" to one mile).
  • <5> Unpublished document: Barnatt, J (PDNPA). 1993. Winnats Head Farm, Castleton, Derbyshire, archaeological survey, 1993. No. 1, p 1.
  • <6> Personal Observation: Chamberlain, A. 1997. Pers. Comm..



Grid reference SK 126 830 (point) (Centre)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

  • EDR3709

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External Links (0)

Record last edited

Mar 23 2021 12:47PM

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