Monument record MDR2572 - The Buries, Willington Road, Repton
Type and Period (4)
- EARTHWORK (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
- RIDGE AND FURROW (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- RABBIT WARREN ? (Medieval to Stuart - 1400 AD to 1700 AD)
- STOCK ENCLOSURE ? (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
- None recorded
The Buries (Ancient Earthwork) [TI] is marked on the 6" OS map of 1955. (1) The Buries Field at Repton was 'most thoroughly investigated' under the direction of Gerald Simpson. Thirteen trenches in and out of the supposed Roman camp and through the mounds were cut without any trace that the site had been either in Roman or Danish occupation. A few pieces of pottery and a coin of the date of Charles I were among the finds, but nothing of any significance. (2) Excavations at the Buries in 1910 (by Simpson & Auden), revealed only pottery dating from the fifteenth to the seventeenth century, tiles and a coin of Charles II. There were no signs of permanent occupation and the earthwork was probably a refuge for cattle during flood-time. Investigation of the circular mounds [see plan] showed that they were not tumuli. A few sherds of Romano-British pottery have been found in the larger mound. (3) A rectangular earthwork comprising a bank and outer ditch, containing two mounds and the remains of three parallel rigs with furrows. The latter are co-incidental with the rig and furrow which surrounds the earthwork and thus gives it a later period of construction. The site is on a flood plain and was probably used as a beast refuge in time of flood. (4) No change. (5) Cropmarks/earthworks plotted on 1:10000 map. (6) Rectangular earthwork with a low bank and external ditch occupying a slightly raised, and hence relatively dry, portion of the Trent's floodplain. Regarded in the 19th century as being of probable Roman date, but later argued to be a possible medieval cattle-refuge during floods. An alternative interpretation is that it represents a constructed rabbit-warren, or conyger, of late medieval or early post-medieval date. The name 'buries' was apparently once applied to what are now called pillow-mounds. In addition, the earthworks include a group of mounds, some round and some elongated, within the rectangular enclosure. These appear to overlie ridge and furrow [also see SMR 24553]. (7) Identified as post-medieval stock enclosure earthworks and plotted on to a GIS overlay during an aerial photographic mapping survey. (8)
- <1> SDR11764 Map: Ordnance Survey (OS). 1955. 6".
- <2> SDR4676 Article in serial: Bowles, C E B. 1911. 'Editorial Notes: Excavations', Derbyshire Archaeological Journal. Volume 33.
- <3> SDR1519 Article in serial: Simpson, F G & Auden, G A. 1913. 'Excavation at The Buries, Repton', Archaeological Journal. Volume 70, pp 83-94, plan, illust..
- <4> SDR6088 Personal Observation: F1 BHS 13-APR-62.
- <5> SDR6617 Personal Observation: F2 JB 25-JUL-66.
- <6> SDR1127 Archive: Whiteley, S. 1989. Aerial Photographic Transcripton Project.
- <7> SDR19775 Article in serial: Guilbert, G (TPAU). 2004. 'Borough Hill, Walton-upon-Trent - if not a hillfort, then what?', Derbyshire Archaeological Journal. Volume 124, pp 242-257.
- <8> SDR22155 Digital data: English Heritage. 2014. Staffordshire NMP Project: Derbyshire Overlap.
|Grid reference||Centred SK 29862 27811 (98m by 87m)|
|Civil Parish||REPTON, SOUTH DERBYSHIRE, DERBYSHIRE|
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (5)
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Record last edited
Sep 15 2016 4:44PM