Skip to main content

Scheduled Monument record MDR3188 - Bradbourne Cross, All Saints' churchyard, Bradbourne

Type and Period (1)

  • (Saxon - 700 AD to 1000 AD)

Protected Status/Designation

Full Description

[SK 208 527] In 1885 the lower part of a cross shaft was recorded in the churchyard at Bradbourne. Sculpture on the shaft included the Crucifixion on the south face, and two panels, one with two saints with books, the other a saint holding a book and with a bird perched on his right shoulder, on the north face. The east and west faces were decorated with scrolls of foliage and an archer at the bottom in each case shooting an arrow upwards. The remainder of the shaft, split vertically into two portions, was used as the jambs for the stile in the wall of the churchyard. In August 1886 the two fragments were removed from the wall and placed together on the top of the stump of the shaft in the churchyard. At the same time a piece which had been taken to Tissington Hall was brought back. It was clear that the designs were continuous, showing, for example, that the archers at the bottom of the east and west faces were shooting at men and beasts involved in the scrolls of the foliage. Once the missing pieces had been added, the total height of the shaft was 7ft. It was mainly due to the exertions of the bishop of Bristol that the restoration of the cross shaft was brought about. (1) Several fragments of 8th century cross shafts are described, one in the churchyard, the others stored in the church. (2) The three fragments of the Anglian cross-shaft at Bradbourne were finally restored into a single monument in c. 1947, the cost being defrayed by the Society of Antiquaries. (3) Scheduled. (4) The restored massive Saxon shaft with small base stone stands at SK 20815272; see G.P. AO/66/25/8. The extreme tip of the shaft is retained within the church. (5) Cross (200m south of church). Cross-shaft 9th century. Gritstone, Grade II. (6) Incorrectly described as a Roman sculpture, (7) owing to Brooke's incorrect interpretation. (8) The design elements of the large Peak crosses at Eyam, Bakewell and Bradbourne can be paralleled in the northern Northumbrian polity of Bernicia. They are characterised by a naturalistic vinescroll, illustrative panels with figures, and a clear Christian content to their iconography. This style of decoration has always been regarded as pre-Viking. However, a recent reinterpretation suggests that it is unlikely that they were erected before 920 and that they should be seen in the context of the years immediately after the conquest by the West Saxon English over the Vikings, and other groups, of the North. (10)

Sources/Archives (10)

  • <1> Bibliographic reference: Allen, J R. 1905. 'Early Christian Art' in Page, W (ed.), The Victoria County History of Derbyshire, Vol. I. pp 279-292. p 281.
  • <2> Article in serial: Routh, T. 1937. 'A corpus of the pre-Conquest carved stones of Derbyshire', Derbyshire Archaeological Journal. Volume 58, pp 1-46. p19-23.
  • <3> Article in serial: Anon. 1947. 'Archaeological notes, restored cross-shaft at Bradbourne', Derbyshire Archaeological Journal. Volume 67, p 120, photo.
  • <4> Scheduling record: Ministry of Works. 1965. Ancient Monuments of England and Wales. 23352.
  • <5> Personal Observation: F1 FRH 06-MAY-66.
  • <6> Bibliographic reference: DOE Dist of W Derbys Derby 11 Oct 1983 5.
  • <7> Monograph: MJ Green. Rel of Civilian Ro Britain BAR Ser 24 Oxford 165 1976.
  • <8> Article in serial: Archaeologica 12 1796.
  • <9> Index: North Derbyshire Archaeological Trust (NDAT). North Derbyshire Archaeological Trust Index: 0368. 0368.
  • <10> Article in serial: Sidebottom, P (PDNPA). 1999. 'Stone crosses of the Peak and the "sons of Eadwulf"', Derbyshire Archaeological Journal. Volume 119, pp 206-219.



Grid reference Centred SK 2080 5272 (14m by 11m) Centre

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

  • EDR853

Please contact the HER for details.

External Links (0)

Record last edited

Nov 6 2023 4:39PM

Comments and Feedback

Do you have any more information about this record? Please feel free to comment with information and photographs, or ask any questions, using the "Disqus" tool below. Comments are moderated, and we aim to respond/publish as soon as possible.