Monument record MDR3204 - Multi-phase settlement and material working site, Wigber Low, Kniveton
Type and Period (12)
- LEAD WORKING SITE (Undated)
- SETTLEMENT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
- SETTLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
- CAIRN (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
- CREMATION (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
- INHUMATION (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
- SETTLEMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
- INHUMATION (Saxon - 410 AD to 1065 AD)
- STRUCTURE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
- FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
- FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
- HUT PLATFORM (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- None recorded
Wigber Low is marked on the 6" OS map of 1955. Silver Coins, Sword, Dagger and Two Hammers were found there AD 1841 & 1868. (1) In the British Museum (Reg. Nos. 1873-6-2.93-102) are 7th century A.D. objects found presumably with two individuals, by J.Lucas in Wigber Low in 1869. They consist of a spearhead and woman's jewellery, comprising two silver pins, two beads threaded on contracting rings of silver wire, a boars tusk mounted in gold, a fragmentary gold disc-pendant, a silver pennanular brooch and a toggle head of very dark purple glass. Dr. Kent of the Coins and Medals Department, British Museum, had no knowledge of the silver coins mentioned. (2-4) There are no identifiable remains of a barrow at the published site but the topographical situation is suitable. (5) It is a multi-phase site, with a possible Neolithic settlement underlying the cairn. The cairn, though disturbed by 19th century excavators, appears to contain both inhumations and cremations, the former may have been exposed on the cairn before burial. The cairn itself was modified by the addition of a revetment. There is some evidence for Iron Age and Roman occupation of the site, pottery and coins, possibly for flock surveillance. There were several Anglo-Saxon inhumations inserted into the cairn. They are of both sexes and were buried with weapons, and jewellery. Apart from the usual spears, a sword was buried with one of the men indicating that he was of high status. The variation in quality of the burial goods suggests that this is a family burial comprising the heads of the household and their retainers. They are dated to the seventh century. After these burials the site was used for lead smelting. Quantity of Roman material recovered including 3rd or 4th century Romano-British pottery on the top of the mound with 3rd or 4th century Bronze coins. Found during excavations by J Collis. (6) An amount of Neolithic occupation material on Wigber Low. This included leaf-shaped arrowheads, Neolithic pottery and fragments of Langdale axes. This material was found on the ancient land surface underlying the Bronze Age barrow excavated most recently by J.R. Collis of Sheffield University. (7) A platform downslope on the West side of the knoll was excavated by the Derwent Society in 1976 and yielded sherds of Middle Neolithic pottery Several post holes were revealed but are of uncertain association. (8) Iron Age finger impressed pottery from the hut platform excavated by M Wildgoose in 1977. J Collis suggests that bone combs from cairn excavation is also Iron Age. Could be Saxon. Hut platform yielding prehistoric material, probably built in Medieval period disturbing washed down earlier material. (9) Excavation by J. Lucas in 1869 yielded 2 inhumations and 7th century grave goods. These comprised an iron spearhead, and a collection of women's jewellery including 2 silver pins, glass beads, a gold pendant and a silver penannular brooch. More recent excavation by J. Collis of Sheffield University revealed a further 6 graves containing male and female, children and adult inhumations. These were variously accompanied by iron weaponry including a shield boss, spears, knives and swords, bronze mounted wooden purse and a bronze belt buckle. (10)
- <1> SDR12081 Map: 1955. OS 6".
- <2> SDR12503 Article in serial: Ozanne, A. 1962-3. 'The Peak Dwellers', Medieval Archaeology. Volume 6-7. p 29.
- <3> SDR2391 Bibliographic reference: British Museum. British Museum Coins and Medals register.
- <4> SDR7954 Bibliographic reference: Hampton, J. 1964. J. N. Hampton Records, 1964.
- <5> SDR6299 Personal Observation: F1 FRH 06-MAY-66.
- <6> SDR4006 Bibliographic reference: Collis, J (University of Sheffield). 1984. Wigber Low, Derbyshire: A Bronze Age and Anglian Burial Site in the White Peak.
- <7> SDR9764 Index: North Derbyshire Archaeological Trust (NDAT). North Derbyshire Archaeological Trust Index: 1373. 1373.
- <8> SDR9765 Index: North Derbyshire Archaeological Trust (NDAT). North Derbyshire Archaeological Trust Index: 1374. 1374.
- <9> SDR16250 Bibliographic reference: Wildgoose, M. 1986. Wildgoose, M on Wigber Low material, February 11th, 1986.
- <10> SDR8643 Bibliographic reference: Marsden, B. 1977. The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire.
- <11> SDR6903 Bibliographic reference: Meaney, A. 1964. A Gazetteer of Early Anglo-Saxon Burial Sites.
- <12> SDR1988 Artifact: British Museum. Wigber Low artefact in the British Museum (1873-6-2.93-102 LUCAS).
- <13> SDR1999 Artifact: Sheffield City Museum. Wigber Low artefact in Sheffield City Museum from Collis excavation.
|Grid reference||Centred SK 2040 5140 (188m by 354m) (Centre)|
|Civil Parish||KNIVETON, DERBYSHIRE DALES, DERBYSHIRE|
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Record last edited
Apr 11 2019 9:47AM