Monument record MDR3359 - Gallows Knoll, Hopton
Type and Period (2)
- GALLOWS MOUND ? (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- BARROW ? (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
- None recorded
Gallows Knoll appears on the 6" OS map of 1955. (1) At SK 26585462 is an almost square flat topped mound with the eastern corner trimmed by a modern road. Obviously not a tumulus, it is probably a gallows mound as the name suggests. Surveyed at 1/2500. (2) Listed as a possible barrow. (3) Gallows Knoll is a large flat-topped mound in a slight col on a broad ridge. It is of uncertain date and function. It is sub-square, with slightly concave sides. The sides are steep and the top slightly domed. The full height of the mound is 1.4-1.6m. Surrounding the site (although destroyed in part) is a narrow ditch which today is 0.3-0.5m deep and 2-3m wide (far too small to be a quarry ditch for the construction of the entire mound). The south-east corner of the mound has been truncated by a drystone wall and lane. The north-east corner has been robbed and the ditch to the west has been ploughed out. At the centre of the mound is a small trench with associated upcast - probably the work of Webb in recent years, but not published (information from the local farmer). While the name of the site suggests a gallows may have stood here, this seems an unlikely explanation for the mound itself. No local parallels are known and it seems unlikely that such a massive mound would be built in this isolated location well away from any population centre. If the site is a barrow, again it has no parallel. No other explanations are apparent. (5)
- <1> SDR11764 Map: Ordnance Survey (OS). 1955. 6".
- <2> SDR6074 Personal Observation: F1 BHS 09-MAY-66.
- <3> SDR8643 Bibliographic reference: Marsden, B. 1977. The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire. p 63.
- <4> SDR9751 Index: NDAT. 1359. 1359.
- <5> SDR2466 Unpublished document: Barnatt, J. 1989. The Peak District Barrow Survey (updated 1994). Site 10:30.
|Grid reference||Centred SK 2657 5463 (40m by 47m) (Centre)|
|Civil Parish||HOPTON, DERBYSHIRE DALES, DERBYSHIRE|
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Record last edited
Dec 14 2017 4:41PM