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Monument record MDR3477 - Ball Cross Iron Age Promontory Fort, Bakewell and Edensor

Type and Period (2)

Protected Status/Designation

Full Description

[SK] 228 691. The Iron Age Fort at Ball Cross Farm, on a spur of Calton Hill, covers 1¾ acres [see plan AOIP/63/41] and was excavated between 1952 and 1955. Iron Age pottery and quern stones were found. Three cup-and-ring marked rocks were found within the revetment wall (see SMR 5142). (1). Scheduled. (2). The earthwork is naturally defended on the north-west by a steep slope, and to the south-west by a steep slope topped by a precipice. Surveyed at 1/2,500. (3). Listed by Challis and Harding as an Iron Age hillfort, of 1.75 acres, with stone revetted box rampart, ditch and counterscarp. (4). Revised scheduling. The monument is a small promontory fort located on a spur of Calton Hill. It includes a sub-rectangular enclosure with an internal area of 0.8ha, bounded on the west side by a steep slope and precipice which has been partially scarped. On the east side the fort is enclosed by a 2m high bank which was found, during partial excavations of the site carried out in 1952 to 1955, to be a stone-revetted box rampart. Three decorated stones, known as cup-and-ring marked rocks, were found within the structure of the revetment wall. The northernmost 20m of the rampart is flanked by an outer ditch which measures c. 0.7m wide by 1.5m deep and has a slight counterscarp bank on the outer edge. Pottery and quern stones found during excavation date the promontory fort to the Iron Age while the cup-and-ring marked rocks indicate earlier occupation of the area in the Bronze Age. (7). Photographic record. (8). A roughly horseshoe-shaped scarp edge enclosure, with no obvious sign of an entrance ... A steep scar slope forms the south and west defences. In 2011 the monument was under pasture with erosion evident and a serverely denuded eastern rampart. <9>

Sources/Archives (8)

  • <1> Article in serial: Stanley, J. 1954. 'An Iron Age Fort at Ball Cross Farm, Bakewell', Derbyshire Archaeological Journal. Vol. 74. pp 85-99.
  • <2> Scheduling record: Ministry of Works. 1961. Ancient Monuments of England and Wales. 31.
  • <3> Bibliographic reference: F1 BHS 24-FEB-66.
  • <4> Monograph: Challis, A & Harding, W. 1975. 'Later Prehistory from the Trent to the Tyne', British Archaeological Report 20. Part 2. p37, 45.
  • <6> Index: NDAT. 0129.
  • <7> Scheduling record: English Heritage. 1994. Scheduling Notification: Promontory fort south of Ballcross Farm. 23310.
  • <8> Photograph: Peak District National Park Authority (PDNPA). Slide Collection. 5141.1-5.
  • <9> Unpublished document: Waddington, C and J Brightman (ARS Ltd). 2012. Peak District Hillforts: Conservation and Management Audit.



Grid reference Centred SK 228 691 (100m by 100m) (Approximate)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (5)

  • EDR374
  • EDR420
  • EDR54
  • EDR4691
  • EDR1353

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Record last edited

Feb 28 2020 1:19PM

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