Monument record MDR3724 - Castle Ring defended settlement, north-west of Harthill Moor Farm, Harthill
Type and Period (2)
- HILLFORT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
- ENCLOSED SETTLEMENT (Iron Age - 800 BC? to 42 AD?)
SK 2207 6283. Castle Ring is an oval hill-fort of ¾ acre with a bank, ditch and a counterscarp bank except on the south-east where both banks and ditch have disappeared. Rooke (1), however, found the entrance "very visible on the south-east where part of the vallum has been levelled by the plough.". (2,9). Castle Ring. CAMP. (3,9). It became a scheduled monument on 28th April 1949. (4). A small defensive earthwork occupying the crest of a small hill, no entrance is now visible, but there is a probable outer defence work to the south. The work appears to be a hill top refuge rather than a fort proper. Published 25" survey revised. (5). Listed by Challis and Harding as an Iron Age hillfort, of ¾ acres with bank, ditch and counterscarp. (6,9). Revised scheduling. 'Castle Ring is situated on Harthill Moor in the eastern gritstone moorlands of Derbyshire. The monument is a sub-circular enclosure comprising a bank, external ditch and counterscarp bank surrounding an area of c. ½ hectare. The internal bank or rampart appears to be of simple dump construction and varies between one metre and two metres high, while the counterscarp bank is between ½ metre and one metre high. The ditch is c.½ metre wide and is less distinct on the south side where there is no rampart visible. This is an indication that the original entrance lay in this region. The monument has not been excavated but it forms part of a rich Bronze Age landscape on Harthill Moor which also includes burial mounds, a second enclosure and Nine Stones Close stone circle'. (10). A sub sub-circular enclosure , comprising a bank with external ditch and counterscarp bank, with an area of c.0.5ha. Access to it could not be obtained in 2011 . <12>
- <1> SDR1499 Article in serial: Rooke, H. 1779?. Archaeologia. Volume 6. p113.
- <2> SDR13217 Article in serial: Preston, F. 1954. 'The hill-forts of the Peak', Derbyshire Archaeological Journal. Volume 74, pp 1-31. p12.
- <3> SDR11765 Map: Ordnance Survey (OS). 1955. 6".
- <3> SDR754 Scheduling record: Ministry of Works. 1961. Ancient Monuments of England and Wales. 31.
- <5> SDR6252 Personal Observation: F1 FDC 16-NOV-66.
- <6> SDR2441 Monograph: Challis, A & Harding, W. 1975. 'Later Prehistory from the Trent to the Tyne', British Archaeological Report 20. Part 2.
- <7> SDR13226 Bibliographic reference: Sheffield City Museum. 1978. Derbyshire Origins. pp 22-23.
- <8> SDR7113 Bibliographic reference: Hawke-Smith, C F. 1979. 'Man-Land Relations in British Prehistory: The Dove-Derwent Interfluve, Derbyshire', British Archaeological Report. Series 64 (170).
- <9> SDR10000 Index: North Derbyshire Archaeological Trust (NDAT). North Derbyshire Archaeological Trust Index. 1044.
- <10> SDR19337 Scheduling record: English Heritage. 1994. Scheduling Notification: Castle Ring Defended Settlement. 23242.
- <11> SDR18971 Photograph: Peak District National Park Authority (PDNPA). Slide Collection. 6717.1.
- <12> SDR24169 Unpublished document: Waddington, C and J Brightman (ARS Ltd). 2012. Peak District Hillforts: Conservation and Management Audit.
|Grid reference||Centred SK 2206 6284 (91m by 105m) (Centre)|
|Civil Parish||HARTHILL, DERBYSHIRE DALES, DERBYSHIRE|
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Record last edited
Feb 28 2020 1:20PM