Monument record MDR3727 - Lark's Low Bowl Barrow, south-west of Hopping Farm, Middleton and Smerrill
Type and Period (4)
- BOWL BARROW (Early Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 1501 BC)
- CIST (Early Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 1501 BC)
- INHUMATION (Early Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 1501 BC)
- CREMATION (Early Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 1501 BC)
SK 2008 6260. The only barrow in a low situation in the neighbourhood of Middleton is in a meadow called Larks Lowe near the Bradford rivulet. It was opened on 20th May 1825 and 24th October 1851 when a cist was found containing a skeleton and on the eastern side of the barrow an urn covered by a stone upon which was an "incense cup" and a bronze pin. (1,3,8). Tumulus. (5,11). Mutilation now makes the mound appear rectangular. Published 25" survey revised. (6). The barrow is 25 feet in diameter and two feet high. (7). Larks Low barrow is c. 13 metres long, eight and half metres in breadth and 0.6 metres high. It is located on a slight slope near the valley bottom, with good visibility over the valley and surrounding ridge sides. The mound has been ploughed over but was originally c. ten metres in diameter. William Bateman and S. Mitchell excavated the barrow on the 20th May 1825, uncovered a cist with rectangular capstones which contained a decayed inhumation. On the eastern side of the barrow, they found a Collared urn filled with a cremation, a 'pygmy cup', a bronze pin (awl), animal teeth and bones, a circular pebble and a whetstone. The barrow was re-examined by Thomas Bateman on the 24th October 1851 when he opened a large trench. He found the cremation found in 1825, which was an adult and an infant with some flints, a bone pin and an animal tooth. A few pieces of unburnt human bone were also recovered, which is possibly part of the inhumation from 1825. (9). The barrow became a scheduled monument on 4th February 1994. The monument is located in the central uplands of the limestone plateau of Derbyshire and is a bowl barrow which includes a sub-circular one metre high mound measuring 13 metres by 8½ metres in diameter. Originally the barrow would have been more uniformly circular with a diameter of c.10 metres, but the profile has been altered by past agricultural activities. A partial excavation of the site was carried out by William Bateman and Mitchell in 1825 when a limestone cist or grave was revealed and found to cover a pit in the old land surface which contained the remains of two cremation burials and an inhumation. Accompanying these burials was a collared urn and a smaller vessel known as a pygmy cup. Further human and animal bones were found in the mound above the cist in addition to quartz pebbles, a whetstone and a bronze pin. These remains date the barrow to the Bronze Age. (10). Site monitoring has been carried out. See record for details. (12)
- --- SDR7282 Bibliographic reference: Howarth, E. 1899. Catalogue of the Bateman Collection of Antiquities in the Sheffield Public Museum. p152,196.
- <1> SDR2903 Bibliographic reference: Bateman, T. 1848. Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire. pp 33-34, illus.
- <2> SDR2980 Bibliographic reference: Bateman, T. 1855. Descriptive Catalogue of the Antiquities at Lomberdale House. G8, N7.
- <3> SDR16985 Bibliographic reference: Bateman, T. 1861. Ten Years' Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Grave Hills. p83.
- <4> SDR16210 Article in serial: Ward, J. 1908. 'Notes on some Derbyshire antiquities from Samuel Mitchell's memoranda', Derbyshire Archaeological Journal. Volume 30, pp 155-172. pp 166-168.
- <5> SDR11765 Map: Ordnance Survey (OS). 1955. 6".
- <6> SDR6392 Personal Observation: F1 JB 25-MAY-66.
- <7> SDR8643 Bibliographic reference: Marsden, B. 1977. The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire. p72.
- <8> SDR10000 Index: North Derbyshire Archaeological Trust (NDAT). North Derbyshire Archaeological Trust Index. unnumbered.
- <9> SDR2466 Unpublished document: Barnatt, J. 1989. The Peak District Barrow Survey (updated 1994). Site 8:16.
- <10> SDR18485 Scheduling record: English Heritage. 1994. Scheduling Notification. 23262. Cat. No.: 324.
- <11> SDR19109 Bibliographic reference: Hill, R (PPJPB). 1985. Peak Park Treasures. B395, Hart, C, 1997.
- <12> SDR22212 Unpublished document: Marriott, J (PDNPA). 2011. Scheduled Monument Monitoring Form: Larks Low Bowl Barrow.
|Grid reference||Centred SK 2008 6260 (10m by 10m) (Centre)|
|Civil Parish||MIDDLETON AND SMERRILL, DERBYSHIRE DALES, DERBYSHIRE|
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Related Events/Activities (8)
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Record last edited
Sep 27 2017 3:59PM