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Monument record MDR4001 - Big Moor and Ramsley Moor: Settlement & Burial cairns.

Type and Period (3)

  • (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)
  • (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)
  • (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)

Protected Status/Designation

Full Description

[SK 278 757] Sixty-seven cairns [numbered and plotted on 25" from map in 1] on Ramsley Moor adjoining Barbrook. They comprise:- 4 large mounds 30-35 ft. across. 13 medium-sized mounds 20 to 29 ft. across. 50 small mounds below 20 ft. across. Many of the smaller mounds were thought to be natural but the excavation of one (No. 9) - [SK 2778 7577] in 1958 recovered a polished stone axe. Nos. 20, 23, 31 and 41 have been severely damaged and are probably four of the ten barrows opened by Mitchell c. 1850 (a). (1) Visible on A.P's (2) Barrows 1 and 8 are now in course of excavation. Nothing was found in the excavation of No. 7. (3) Scheduled (4) A large area of stone clearance centred at SK 278757. There are many stone heaps and vestigial banks with one possible building site. 15 probable burial cairns were identified (of which two are being excavated. Probable burial cairns has been annotated 'B' on the Antiquity Model, and the whole surveyed at 25". See GP AO/65/212/8. for cairn at SK 27917561 (5) Excavation of barrow No.1 in 1964-65 exposed an encircling stone kerb with an annexe on the east side. A small quantity of burnt bone was found in the primary cairn and a secondary burial with a biconical urn was found in the annex. (6) Cairnfield east of Bar Brook comprises 91-7 cairns and 3-4 stretches of linear clearance. The cairns range in size from 2m to 11.5m by 10.5m, with the largest roughly central to the cairnfield. It is possibly fortuitous but the ring cairns ( SMR's 8001, 8002) are equally-spaced from it. S. Mitchell in 1850 reported to T. Bateman that he had opened 10 of the cairns and had found nothing. The larger cairns are downslope towards Bar Brook, possibly because there was more surface stone there; the smaller ones are behind them to the east. There is some clustering. A couple of cairns are noted by C. Hart as being ring cairns, a ring of stone around a central hollow suggests these are robbed cairns or quarrying. (8)

Sources/Archives (14)

  • <1> Article in serial: Riley, D N. 1960. 'Circles and barrows on Ramsley Moor', Transactions of the Hunter Archaeological Society. Volume 8 (No. 2), pp67-70. 67-76 map plan illus.
  • <1a> Unpublished document: Mitchell. 1850.
  • <2> Aerial Photograph: 1948. A.P's CPE/UK/2598/4091-2 16.4.48.
  • <3> Bibliographic reference: R2 DJC 30-JUL-63.
  • <4> Scheduling record: Ministry of Works. 1965. Ancient Monuments of England and Wales.
  • <5> Bibliographic reference:
  • <6> Article in serial: D N Riley. 1981. T Hunter AS 11 1981. Volume 11.
  • <8> Unpublished document: Barnatt, J (PDNPA). Descriptive text on monuments in the Peak District.
  • <9> Index: NDAT. NDAT 1253. 1253.
  • <10> Bibliographic reference: Bateman, T. 1848. Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire. p115.
  • <11> Article in serial: East Midlands Committee of Field Archaeologists. 1960. East Midlands Archaeology Bulletin, 1960. Vol. 6, p1.
  • <12> Bibliographic reference: Marsden, B. 1977. The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire. p57-8.
  • <13> Article in serial: Barnatt, J. 1986. 'Bronze Age remains on the East Moors of the Peak District', Derbyshire Archaeological Journal. Volume 106, pp 18-100. p41, fig 13, p47 fig 16.
  • <14> Photograph: PPJPB. Photo:PPJPB:SMR:8089.1-11 (slides). slides.



Grid reference Centred SK 278 757 (100m by 100m) (Centre)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

  • EDR1080

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Record last edited

Jan 13 2003 12:14PM

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