SK 46 69 Bolsover, Medieval Park. There is a reference to 'parco de Bulesoures, 1200, and Ye Parke, 1657. There is also Parkfield Close in 1779. (1-2)
William Senior's map of Bolsover of the 1630s shows two large closes, The Upper Park and The Nether Park, lying to the west of the castle. (3)
The medieval park at Bolsover was first documented in 1200, at which point it was owned by the Crown. (4)
The castle at Bolsover stands on a prominent ridge overlooking the Doe Lea valley. The park that adjoined it runs down the hill westwards towards the river. It is now rough land criss-crossed by footpaths, with the one leading down to New Bolsover probably following the line of the pale enclosing the Upper Park and the Nether Park. The estate was part of the Honour of Peverel, but the Peverel holdings were confiscated in 1155 and Henry II kept the castle in his own hands. His successor Richard I gave his brother John the former Peverel property and as King John he spent £32 to enclose a park here. It was farmed out shortly afterwards to the King's protégé William Brewer, but during the Baronial Wars it was recaptured by William de Ferrers who became its governor. Further custodians followed until it was sold to the Talbot family in the middle of the 16th century and then to the Cavendish's in the 17th century. For them it was beautifully depicted by William Senior on his map of the Cavendish estate at Bolsover in 1637. (5)
Bibliographic reference: Cameron, K. 1959. 'The Place-Names of Derbyshire, Part II', English Place-Name Society. p. 216.
Map: Senior, W. 1637. Boulsover in the countie of Darbie .. belonginge to the Earle of Newcastle.
Bibliographic reference: Cantor, L. 1983. Medieval Parks of England: a gazetteer. p. 22.
Bibliographic reference: Wiltshire, M & Woore, S. 2009. Medieval Parks of Derbyshire. pp. 38-9.
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Centred SK 46562 70652 (950m by 408m) (Approximate)
OLD BOLSOVER, BOLSOVER, DERBYSHIRE
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Record last edited
Sep 14 2017 11:28AM
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