Skip to main content

Monument record MDR6252 - Elmton medieval deer park and/or monastic grange, Elmton

Type and Period (2)

  • (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Full Description

A deer park is recorded in Elmton parish in 1317 in the ownership of Edmund Deyncourt although the earliest date for Elmton Park recorded by Cameron is 1604. (1, 2, 3) At the end of the 19th century Elmton Park was a stud farm containing 500 acres. Bulmer notes that it formerly belonged to Thurgarton Priory. (4) Elmton Park was originally a grange belonging to Thurgarton Priory, and represented a large scale intake from the waste. (5) A number of 'Park' field names are shown on a map of Elmton and Creswell dated 1722, while the area immediately to the east consists of 'Lawn' fieldnames. It is likely that this represents at least some of area of the medieval park/grange. (7) It appears that Walter de Aincourt created the park that was in place at Elmton at least by the early 13th century. This is one of the few Derbyshire Parks with documentary evidence of a deer leap. This alienation of land from the villagers caused friction and so upset some local people that Edmund Deyncourt was forced to complain to the Crown about them breaking in to his park in the 14th century. Joseph Dickenson mapped Elmton and Creswell for Sir John Rodes in 1722, marking on it Great Park, Old Park, Great Lawn and other similar field names. Built after the making of this map, Elmton Park Farm now lies to the south end of a triangle of roads, which formed the boundaries of the medieval park. At the present time [2009] the landscape is hedged fields, mainly arable, with little evidence of its earlier paled enclosure separating it from the village open fields. (8)

Sources/Archives (8)

  • <1> Bibliographic reference: Lysons, D & Lysons, S. 1817. Magna Britannia, Volume 5: Derbyshire. p clxx.
  • <2> Bibliographic reference: Cantor, L. 1983. Medieval Parks of England: a gazetteer.
  • <3> Bibliographic reference: Cameron, K. 1959. 'The Place-Names of Derbyshire, Part II', English Place-Name Society. p 257.
  • <4> Bibliographic reference: Bulmer, T and Co.. 1895. History, Topography and Directory of Derbyshire. p 245.
  • <5> Article in serial: Sinar, J. 1978. 'Elmton', Derbyshire Miscellany. Volume 8, pp 97-102.
  • <6> Index: NDAT. 3334. 3334.
  • <7> Map: Dickinson, J. 1722. A Map of the Mannor of Elmton and Creswell in the County of Darby.
  • <8> Bibliographic reference: Wiltshire, M & Woore, S. 2009. Medieval Parks of Derbyshire. pp. 74-5.



Grid reference Centred SK 494 731 (1084m by 1288m)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (0)

Record last edited

Sep 14 2017 11:32AM

Comments and Feedback

Do you have any more information about this record? Please feel free to comment with information and photographs, or ask any questions, using the "Disqus" tool below. Comments are moderated, and we aim to respond/publish as soon as possible.