Skip to main content

Monument record MDR6323 - Langwith Bassett Cave or Langwith Cave, Langwith, Scarcliffe

Type and Period (3)

  • (Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 10001 BC)
  • ? (Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 10001 BC)
  • ? (Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 10001 BC)

Protected Status/Designation

Full Description

SK 51796949. Langwith Bassett Cave. Flint implements found A.D. 1903. (1) The cave was explored between 1903 and 1912 by the Rev. E. H. Mullins. The deposits of the cave consisted of three horizons, not always clearly separated. The upper horizon contained modern bones and occaisonal fragments of limestone, the middle horizon contained fragments of woolly rhinoceros and cave-bear, both gnawed by the hyaena, and the lower horizon appeared to contain undisturbed flint implements and traces of hearths. Pleistocene bones, including reindeer, were found in the lower horizon. Of the shells, one species (Pyramidula ruderata) had been extinct in England since the Pleistocene. (2) The cave of Langwith is situated at the base of a low scarp of limestone near the summit of the hill on the northern side of the valley of the Poulter just behind the rectory of Langwith Bassett. It was discovered in 1903 and excavated between 1903 and 1912 when a scanty flint industry, considered by Breuil to be Upper Aurignacian, was found with Pleistocene fauna and a human skull considered by Sir Arthur Keith to be Palaeolithic. Further excavation in 1927. The flints include an unretouched flake or blade, and a scraper and another worked piece. (3-4, 8) Scheduled. (5) Published survey correct (25"). (6)

Sources/Archives (8)

  • <1> Map: Ordnance Survey (OS). 1955. 6".
  • <2> Bibliographic reference: Garrod, D. 1926. The Upper Palaeolithic Age in Britain.
  • <3> Bibliographic reference: Keith, A. 1929. Antiquity of Man.
  • <4> Article in serial: Mullins, E. 1913. 'The Ossiferous Cave at Langwith', Derbyshire Archaeological Journal. Volume 35. p 137-158, illus.
  • <5> Scheduling record: English Heritage. Scheduling Notification. 13239.
  • <6> Personal Observation: F1 JB 09-JUN-66.
  • <7> Bibliographic reference: Marsden, B. 1977. The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire. p 113.
  • <8> Index: North Derbyshire Archaeological Trust (NDAT). North Derbyshire Archaeological Trust Index: 1746. 1746.



Grid reference Centred SK 5180 6949 (26m by 29m) Centre

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

  • EDR924

Please contact the HER for details.

External Links (0)

Record last edited

Jan 16 2024 5:56PM

Comments and Feedback

Do you have any more information about this record? Please feel free to comment with information and photographs, or ask any questions, using the "Disqus" tool below. Comments are moderated, and we aim to respond/publish as soon as possible.