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Monument record MDR64 - Round barrow, Thirkel Low, Hartington Upper Quarter

Type and Period (3)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Full Description

SK 0493 6922: Thirkell Low, Round Barrow: A round cairn on Thirkel Low, 42 ft in diameter, and partially revetted on the east to south west edge, was opened in 1895. It contained a contracted, headless skeleton in the centre with a perforated, polished stone axe, and three other skeletons, one with a food vessel and a jet bead. In 1897 a further investigation recovered a British imitation of a Half-Solidus of Constantius II, AD 337-361. (1,3). (SK 04936922) Tumulus. (5). SK 04916923. Thirkel Low, Hartington. The headless primary crouched skeleton on a bed of limestone gravel was surrounded by limestone blocks and covered by rubble. A polished battle-axe of type IIA was found with the skeleton. Three subsequent skeletons were found. One was badly disturbed, three feet from the north-west edge, and was associated with food vessel sherds of type 2(i) (5), a jet bead, chert scraper and flint flake. One on the south side on the old ground surface was embedded in clay and gravel. Another badly decayed interment near the cairn centre had a whetstone and a flint flake. The finds are held at Buxton Museum. (6,10,12) Site only. No intelligible remains. (7). (SK 04936922) Cairn (site of). (9) The mound utilises a natural knoll and is poorly defined to the north and east. Its sides were defined elsewhere by concentric rings of tilted slabs, now largely turf covered. Much of the interior looks to have been turned over, probably in 1894 to 1897, and previously. Shallow excavations by Webster and then Salt in 1894 found only scattered bones. The account in (11) of the 1895 to 1897 excavations is inadequate and should read: At the centre on the OLS was a rubble spread, bounded by an oval kerb, which was 1.5m (5ft) long. This rubble contained a headless crouched inhumation and the Type IIA battle axe. High in the mound to the north-west was a disturbed inhumation together with Food Vessel sherds, a jet bead, a chert scraper, a flint fragment and an iron ox or horse shoe. On the OLS south of the centre was a disturbed inhumation with a shale whetstone and a flint flake. Excavations in the northern half of the mound found scattered human and animal bones, a flat piece of bronze, coarse sherds, a Roman coin, and part of an ox or horse shoe. Near the barrow top at the centre were a few burnt and unburnt bones including a fragment of child skull. (14).

Sources/Archives (15)

  • <1> Article in serial: Ward, J. 1895-7. Proceedings of the Society of Antiqaries, 2nd Series. Vol 16. p261.
  • <2> Article in serial: Salt, M.. 1897. 'Discovery of ancient remains in Deep Dale, near Buxton', Reliquary and Illustrated Archaeologist.
  • <2> Article in serial: Ward, J. 1897-1899. "Notes within the proceedings for Jan. 26 1899", Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries. Volume 17. p314.
  • <3> Article in serial: Ward, J. 1899. 'The Archaeological Congress at Buxton', Buxton Herald.
  • <4> Bibliographic reference: Turner, W. 1899. Ancient Remains Near Buxton. pp 102-116.
  • <5> Map: Ordnance Survey (OS). 1954. 6".
  • <6> Article in serial: Manby, T. 1964. 'Food Vessels from Derbyshire', Derbyshire Archaeological Journal. Volume 84, pp 117-120. pp 117-118.
  • <7> Bibliographic reference: F1 FC 16-MAR-66.
  • <8> Article in serial: Roe, F. 1966. 'The Battle-Axe Series in Britain', Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. Volume 32.
  • <9> Map: Ordnance Survey (OS). 1975. 1:10000.
  • <10> Bibliographic reference: Marsden, B. 1977. The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire. p54.
  • <11> Index: OS. SK 06 NW 4. SK 06 NW 4.
  • <12> Index: NDAT. Microfiche reel 3.
  • <13> Index: NDAT. 1153.
  • <14> Unpublished document: Barnatt, J. 1989. The Peak District Barrow Survey (updated 1994). Site 7:3.



Grid reference Centred SK 0492 6921 (50m by 44m) (Centre)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (3)

  • EDR503
  • EDR507
  • EDR1142

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Record last edited

Aug 20 2015 10:31AM

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