Monument record MDR7237 - Calke Park, Calke Abbey
Type and Period (3)
- LANDSCAPE PARK (Post Medieval to 21st Century - 1540 AD to 2050 AD)
- DEER PARK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- KITCHEN GARDEN (Georgian - 1750 AD to 1800 AD)
(Centred SK 365228) Calke Park (named on map). Parkland associated with Calke Abbey; extent shown by parkland stipple. Auths 1 and 2 also describe the park as a Deer Park. A chain of named ponds occupies an east-west stream valley north of the house with the easternmost pond named Dogkennel Pond now incorporated within Staunton Harold reservoir. (1-5) Calke Park is a landscape park of approximately 210ha, designed in 1776 by William Emes. The park includes the following features: a chain of lakes, formerly fishponds; tree clumps planted to act as shelter belts; the serpentine wood on the northern boundary; Deercote Spinney, double deer shelter; the Grotto; a former cascade and Gothic bridge; a bank curving from the south-west of Calke Abbey, past the church and Dark Plantation, an enclosed possible gothic garden to the north east of the church. There are also records of formal gardens designed in 1702-13 by London and Wise, with ornamental ironwork by R Bakewell, 1720. Alterations to the grounds were made in 1721 by Bridgeman. (6-7) Geophysical survey was carried out on the East Lawn in July 2009, and provided significant evidence for formal gardens, including the likely location of former paths and parterres, and possibly outlying walls defining the northern and southern extent of the gardens. An ephemeral curvilinear anomaly may also be evidence for a carriage turning circle to the east of the house, which the survey tentatively suggests post-dates the formal gardens. (8) Calke Abbey Park (as of 1892): owner- Sir Vauncey Harpur Crewe, Bart, acreage- 327 acres, fence- stone wall, water supply- natural, number of fallow deer- 400, average weight of bucks- 110lbs (heaviest 125lbs, lightest 95lbs), average weight of does- 68lbs, number of red deer- 30, average weight of stags- 235lbs (heaviest 280lbs, lightest 190lbs), average weight of hinds- 110lbs, very large and old oak trees also elms and maple, series of ornamental ponds, the park is surrounded by grazing-lands, woods and smaller coverts. (9)
- <1> SDR17379 Map: Ordnance Survey (OS). 1836. One Inch First Edition map, sheet 71 first issued 1836, later revisions (David and Charles reprint sheet 35). 1inch : 1mile.
- <2> SDR17634 Map: OS. 1887. Sheet Derbys LVIII SW/Leics IX SW. 1:10560.
- <3> SDR17635 Map: OS. 1901. Sheet Derbys LVIII SW/Leics IX SW 1901. 1:10560.
- <4> SDR17636 Map: OS. 1924. Sheet Derbys LVIII SW/Leics IX SW. 1924. 1:10560.
- <5> SDR17626 Map: OS. 1970. OS 1:10560.
- <6> SDR17770 Index: RCHME. 1995. New National Forest Survey: 932443. 932443. p1339.
- <7> SDR17313 Bibliographic reference: English Heritage. Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England. Part 10: Derbyshire. PG 1667.
- <8> SDR21122 Unpublished document: Hibbitt, D C & Allen, M. 2010. Archaeological Evaluation Report: Geophysical Surveys of Land at Calke Abbey, Ticknall, Derbyshire..
- <9> SDR4494 Bibliographic reference: Whitaker, J. 1892. Deer Parks & Paddocks of England.
|Grid reference||Centred SK 36523 22749 (2089m by 2528m)|
|Civil Parish||CALKE, SOUTH DERBYSHIRE, DERBYSHIRE|
|Civil Parish||TICKNALL, SOUTH DERBYSHIRE, DERBYSHIRE|
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Related Events/Activities (1)
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Record last edited
May 1 2019 2:33PM