Monument record MDR7420 - Barrow 1, Ramsley Moor, Holmesfield
Type and Period (3)
- BARROW (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
- CUP AND RING MARKED STONE (Bronze Age - 2350 BC? to 701 BC?)
- CREMATION (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
A large cairn to the north-east of Barbrook 1, with a diameter of 7m and a height of 0.6m, was excavated in 1965-6 by D Riley for the Hunter Archaeological Society. It was found to be a low kerbed cairn with an annexe to the east. There was evidence of burning and some burnt bone beneath the mound though no burials or grave goods were found. It is possibly one of the 10 barrows investigated by Mitchell in 1850. The later annexe contained a cremation in an upright biconical urn. (1) This excavated and restored cairn is just above the Barbrook I stone circle. It contained burnt bones near the centre, collared urn sherds in a pit under the kerb and a cremated child and a biconical urn in an annexe to the east. Several stones were found to have carvings only after they had been removed from the cairn. They are now in Sheffield City Museum store and comprise: a rectangular slab with a fine unworn cup and ring at the centre of one face; the ring is unusually wide and shallow with angular sides; a small triangular slab with four cups in a crude line along the edge of one face; a small slab with a single cup at the centre of one face; and a small slab with one or two cups on one face and another underneath. (3) Before excavation this site was 9m x 10.5m; after restoration it measures 7.5m x 7m. It comprises a stone cairn which is bowl shaped, retained at its outer edge by a 2-3 course drystone wall. To the east is a subrectangular platform retained at its edge by a kerb of blocks. It was totally excavated in quadrants by Riley in 1964-5, although there was already a central disturbance, possibly created by Mitchell in 1850, although this is uncertain. Several cremated deposits were found, one of which was a child aged 7-10 years. A flint scraper was found on the old ground surface below the east side of the cairn. Four cup marked stones and a rubbing stone were found in the cairn although their original context is unknown. (4)
- <1> SDR18024 Article in serial: Riley, D. 1981. 'Barrow no. 1 on Ramsley Moor, Holmesfield', Transactions of the Hunter Archaeological Society. Volume 11, pp 1-13.
- <2> SDR18025 Photograph: PPJPB. Photo:PPJPB:SMR:442.4-5 (B&W)/8090.1-3(slides). Slides.
- <3> SDR16424 Article in serial: Barnatt, J. 1986. 'Bronze Age remains on the East Moors of the Peak District', Derbyshire Archaeological Journal. Volume 106, pp 18-100.
- <4> SDR2466 Unpublished document: Barnatt, J. 1989. The Peak District Barrow Survey (updated 1994). Site 29:5.
|Grid reference||SK 2791 7560 (point) (Approximate)|
|Civil Parish||HOLMESFIELD, NORTH EAST DERBYSHIRE, DERBYSHIRE|
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Record last edited
Apr 12 2010 12:05PM