(First mentioned, Victorian to Early 20th Century - 1873 AD to 1932 AD (between))
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The 1870s saw a revival of interest in Hillcarr Sough as a means of draining Mawstone Mine. In 1878 the Mosstone Mining Company was formed to work Mawstone and, in 1882, Mawstone Level was driven form Pinet Nest Shaft (SMR 15745) along Clay Vein, as an extension of Hillcarr. Gas was always a problem at Mawstone and in 1891 a steam engine and ventilation pump were operating there. In 1893 Mosstone Mining Company went into liquidation. In 1919 Bradford Vale Mining Company Ltd was formed to work Mawstone (wound up in 1967), they promoted a scheme to unwater mine using hydraulic pumps. In 1932 a gas explosion killed 5 miners and 3 rescuers and closed the mine. (1,2).
A large hillock with a surviving ore-dressing shed, a one-storey mine office, remains of a 20th century gangue processing plant, and a nearby powder house. (3)
The two surviving structures, the office building and the ore dressing shed were recorded in 2019. Although no original features survived within the office building, which was partly demolished and turned into holiday accommodation in the late 20th century. It was shown to have been built c.1870s, originally as a smithy, only later becoming an office. The ore dressing shed had undergone repeated alternations, and had also been partly demolished. (4)
Bibliographic reference: Ford, T & Rieuwerts, J. 1968. Lead Mining in the Peak District, first edition. pp 100-101, 5.
Article in monograph: Rieuwerts, J. 1987. History & Gazetteer of the Lead Mine Soughs of Derbyshire. p65, Fig 12..
Bibliographic reference: Barnatt, J. 2005. Updated Inventory of Regionally & Nationally Important Lead Mining Sites in the Peak District.. p 7, site no. N174.
Unpublished document: Hurford, M. 2019. Mawstone Mine, Youlgreave: Historic Building Recording.
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Centred SK 21184 63394 (175m by 188m) (Approximate)
YOULGREAVE, DERBYSHIRE DALES, DERBYSHIRE
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Record last edited
Oct 13 2020 9:57AM
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