Monument record MDR8576 - Woodhead Railway Tunnel, Woodhead Railway, Tintwistle
Type and Period (1)
- RAILWAY TUNNEL (Victorian to 21st Century - 1845 AD to 2050 AD)
- None recorded
The original single-track tunnel was opened in 1845 by the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway. 22 navvies died and 140 were injured during the construction and the appalling living and working conditions on the site high in the Pennines led to the setting up of a Parliamentary Select Committee in 1846. A second tunnel to the north was opened in 1852 to cope with increasing traffic. Another 28 men died, mainly in the cholera epidemic of 1849. The route was electrified in the early 1950s using the 1500 volt DC overhead system and a new double track tunnel was opened in 1954, the original single track tunnels becoming disused. The railway closed in 1981 but the 1852 tunnel is used to carry the CEGB 400KV power cables across the Pennines, obviating a line of pylons on high ground over the Peak District National Park. The CEGB has a 610mm gauge railway for maintenance in the tunnel. (1)
- <1> SDR4751 Bibliographic reference: Fowkes, D. 1984. Derbyshire Industrial Archaeology - A Gazetteer of Sites. Part I. Borough of High Peak. p 29.
- <2> SDR6994 Bibliographic reference: Harris, H. 1971. Industrial Archaeology of the Peak District. pp 144, 171-4, 242.
- <3> SDR19109 Bibliographic reference: Hill, R (PPJPB). 1985. Peak Park Treasures. D102.
- <4> SDR18970 Photograph: Peak District National Park Authority (PDNPA). Black and white photograph collection. 34, 7A, 8A.
|Grid reference||Centred SE 11998 00244 (1888m by 1055m) (Approximate)|
|Civil Parish||TINTWISTLE, HIGH PEAK, DERBYSHIRE|
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Record last edited
Nov 22 2017 4:54PM