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Monument record MDR9242 - Burbage Tunnel, near Edgemoor Farm; Cromford & High Peak Railway

Type and Period (2)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Full Description

The Burbage Tunnel is 580 yards (530.35 metres) long and dates between 1830 and 1833. Lined with sandstone blocks, the southern portal, near Tunnel Farm, has been bricked across with bricks, but the sandstone entrance arch stands intact. The north end of the tunnel is blocked 30 yards (27.43 metres) inside by a sandstone block wall. (1, 2) The Burbage Tunnel was the longest tunnel on the Cromford and High Peak Railway (CHPR). It was opened in 1831 but was subsequently closed in 1892 with the abandonment of the Ladmanlow - Whaley Bridge section of the line. It is now used for a telecommunications cable and is blocked at each end [1984]. The track bed of the railway is walkable to both portals but there is no public right of way over the top. (3) Details of the tunnel are unknown as the entrances have been blocked up. The southern portal is constructed of gritstone blocks, which are well dressed and with fine tooling marks. The portal is flanked on either side by sloping buttresses. The tunnel arch is approximately 6m wide and 5m high. The northern portal matches the southern one, but the final 3m of the tunnel mouth had collapsed and had been removed prior to the tunnel being blocked up. (4)

Sources/Archives (14)

  • <1> Index: Council for British Archaeology (CBA). CBA Industrial Archaeology Report Card. Burbage Tunnel.
  • <2> Unpublished document: County Treasure Recording Form. 11.2, with photos (n.d.).
  • <3> Bibliographic reference: Fowkes, D. 1984. Derbyshire Industrial Archaeology - A Gazetteer of Sites. Part I. Borough of High Peak. p 7.
  • <4> Archive: Jessop, O. 2003. Cromford & High Peak Railway and Peak Forest Tramway Survey. ARCUS 738b. Feature number: 321.
  • <5> Photograph: ARCUS. 2003. Cromford & High Peak Railway and Peak Forest Tramway Survey, Project 738b. Digital photograph. 415-6, 432-33.
  • <6> Map: Ordnance Survey (OS). 1882. OS County Series, 1st edition, scale 1:2500 (c. 25" to one mile). XIV.16.
  • <7> Bibliographic reference: Jones, N & Bentley, M. 2000. Scenes from the Past: 37 (Part One) Railways of the High Peak. 'Whaley Bridge to Friden'. p 23.
  • <8> Bibliographic reference: Marshall, J. 1996. The Cromford & High Peak Railway. p 65, 39.
  • <9> Bibliographic reference: Blakemore, M & Mosley, D. 2003. Railways of the Peak District. p 51.
  • <10> Unpublished document: Featherstone, P.. 1971. Standing Archaeological Features on the Cromford and High Peak Railway.
  • <11> Bibliographic reference: Nixon, F. 1969. The Industrial Archaeology of Derbyshire. p 233.
  • <12> Bibliographic reference: Nicholson, C P & Barnes, P. 1975. Railways in the Peak District. p 16.
  • <13> Article in serial: Baxter, B. 1949. 'Early railways in Derbyshire', Engineering. Vol. 167, pp 573-576. p576.
  • <14> Article in serial: Marshall, J. 1981. 'High Peak Sesquicentenary, part one,' Railway Magazine. July edition, pp 322-325. p 425.



Grid reference SK 03227 73857 (point) (Approximate)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

  • EDR1790

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External Links (0)

Record last edited

Feb 14 2012 8:48AM

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