Monument record MDR991 - Cross Low barrow (possible destroyed), Cross Low, Eaton and Alsop
Type and Period (3)
- ROUND BARROW (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
- INHUMATION (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
- CREMATION (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
- None recorded
On September 9 1843 Thomas Bateman opened 'a remarkable barrow' at Cross Lowe, near Parwich. He states that it had every appearance of being a small tumulus, about three feet in height; but was found to have been constructed above a depression in the rock, about two feet deep,thus increasing the height of the artificial structure to five feet'. When Bateman opened the south side of the tumulus,a rough cist was discovered with contained an inhumation and a small urn. The cist also contained rat's bones, one horse's tooth, the fragment of a celt, and a small piece of chipped flint. Near the skeleton's feet were the cremation of two children accompanied by a ornamented urn. A further skeleton of a young person accompanied by a small urn, or incense cup was discovered just on the exterior of the cist when a large stone forming a wall of the cist was removed. Four more human skeletons were found on the same level and all appeared to have been deposited at the same time as the body within the cist. Near the surface of the tumulus was another skeleton without any apparent artefacts. Upon excavation of the north side, a secondary deposit of a young person accompanied by a small urn and a bone pin were found. (1) The Food Vessel found with the inhumation within the cist was of Manby's type 4, whilst the urn with the cremations was of type 3(ii) and the other vessel was type 3(iii). (2, 4) Barnatt considers this barrow now to be destroyed or lost and notes that the fact that Bateman does not mention the rocky ridge suggests it was probably located away from the other two barrows [SMR 4805 and 4806], elsewhere on Cross Low Farm, and probably to the east or north-east of the other two sites . (8)
- <1> SDR2841 Bibliographic reference: Bateman, T 1848. Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire.. 49, 57, 67. p 49.
- <2> SDR848 Bibliographic reference: Abercromby, J. 1912. Bronze Age Pottery of the British Isles Volume 2. Volume 2.
- <3> SDR6834 Article in serial: Fowler, M. 1955. 'The Transition from the late Neolithic to the Early Bronze Age', Derbyshire Archaeological Journal. Volume 75, pp 77-112.
- <4> SDR8479 Article in serial: Manby, T. 1957. 'Food vessels of the Peak District', Derbyshire Archaeological Journal. Volume 77, pp 1-29.
- <5> SDR8643 Bibliographic reference: Marsden, B. 1977. The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire. p 31.
- <6> SDR9393 Index: North Derbyshire Archaeological Trust (NDAT). North Derbyshire Archaeological Trust Index: 0790. 0790. 0790.
- <7> SDR10811 Index: North Derbyshire Archaeological Committee (NDAC). North Derbyshire Archaeological Committee Index. 0790.
- <8> SDR2466 Unpublished document: Barnatt, J. 1989. The Peak District Barrow Survey (updated 1994).
|Grid reference||SK 1632 5567 (point) (Approximate)|
|Civil Parish||EATON AND ALSOP, DERBYSHIRE DALES, DERBYSHIRE|
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Record last edited
Sep 4 2015 2:16PM