Scheduled Monument: END LOW BOWL BARROW (1010998)
Please read our guidance page about heritage designations.
|Other Ref||SM Cat. No. 169|
|Date assigned||Thursday, February 28, 1963|
|Date last amended||Monday, July 13, 1992|
REASON FOR DESIGNATION Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Although partially disturbed by stone-robbing and excavation, End Low bowl barrow is still a well preserved example containing further significant archaeological remains. DETAILS End Low bowl barrow is a roughly circular cairn in a hilltop location in the western upland ridges of the limestone plateau of Derbyshire. The monument includes a mound measuring 22 metres by 19½ metres and standing c. two metres high. This was partially excavated by Bateman in 1843 and 1848 and found to contain a rock-cut grave containing a skeleton with a bronze dagger and flint knife indicating a Bronze Age date for the barrow. Higher in the barrow on its south side a child inhumation and a cremation were also found while, scattered throughout the excavated areas, were further human bones. A previous unrecorded excavation carried out in the eighteenth century had also found ashes and burnt bone indicating another cremation. SELECTED SOURCES Book Reference - Author: Barnatt, J. - Title: The Peak District Barrow Survey - Type: DESC TEXT Book Reference - Author: Barnatt, J. - Title: The Peak District Barrow Survey - Type: PLAN: MEASURED Book Reference - Author: Bateman, T. - Title: Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire - Date: 1848 - Page References: 36/7,45 - Type: DESC TEXT Book Reference - Author: Bateman, Thomas - Title: Ten Years Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Grave-Hills (1861) - Date: 1861 - Page References: 38-40 - Type: DESC TEXT Book Reference - Author: Bray, William - Title: Sketch of a Tour into Derbyshire and Yorkshire - Date: 1783 - Page References: 242 - Type: DESC TEXT Book Reference - Author: Marsden B - Title: The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire (1977) - Date: 1977 - Page References: 50 - Type: DESC TEXT
External Links (0)
- SDR21622 Scheduling record: English Heritage. 1963. Scheduling Notification: End Low Bowl Barrow. List entry no. 1010998. SM Cat. No. 169.
|Grid reference||Centred SK 1560 6055 (24m by 25m)|
|Civil Parish||HARTINGTON TOWN QUARTER, DERBYSHIRE DALES, DERBYSHIRE|
Related Monuments/Buildings (1)
Record last edited
Aug 14 2013 3:18PM