REASON FOR DESIGNATION
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.
Although partially disturbed by stone-robbing and excavation, End Low bowl barrow is still a well preserved example containing further significant archaeological remains.
End Low bowl barrow is a roughly circular cairn in a hilltop location in the western upland ridges of the limestone plateau of Derbyshire. The monument includes a mound measuring 22 metres by 19½ metres and standing c. two metres high. This was partially excavated by Bateman in 1843 and 1848 and found to contain a rock-cut grave containing a skeleton with a bronze dagger and flint knife indicating a Bronze Age date for the barrow. Higher in the barrow on its south side a child inhumation and a cremation were also found while, scattered throughout the excavated areas, were further human bones. A previous unrecorded excavation carried out in the eighteenth century had also found ashes and burnt bone indicating another cremation.
Book Reference - Author: Barnatt, J. - Title: The Peak District Barrow Survey - Type: DESC TEXT
Book Reference - Author: Barnatt, J. - Title: The Peak District Barrow Survey - Type: PLAN: MEASURED
Book Reference - Author: Bateman, T. - Title: Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire - Date: 1848 - Page References: 36/7,45 - Type: DESC TEXT
Book Reference - Author: Bateman, Thomas - Title: Ten Years Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Grave-Hills (1861) - Date: 1861 - Page References: 38-40 - Type: DESC TEXT
Book Reference - Author: Bray, William - Title: Sketch of a Tour into Derbyshire and Yorkshire - Date: 1783 - Page References: 242 - Type: DESC TEXT
Book Reference - Author: Marsden B - Title: The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire (1977) - Date: 1977 - Page References: 50 - Type: DESC TEXT