Scheduled Monument: ROUND CAIRN 780M SOUTH WEST OF OFFERTON HOUSE (1016624)

Please read our .

Authority English Heritage
Other Ref SM Cat. No. 173
Date assigned Friday, May 10, 1963
Date last amended Friday, April 16, 1999


REASONS FOR DESIGNATION The East Moors in Derbyshire includes all the gritstone moors east of the River Derwent. It covers an area of 105 sq km, of which around 63% is open moorland and 37% is enclosed. As a result of recent and on-going archaeological survey, the East Moors area is becoming one of the best recorded upland areas in England. On the enclosed land the archaeological remains are fragmentary, but survive sufficiently well to show that early human activity extended beyond the confines of the open moors. On the open moors there is significant and well-articulated evidence over extensive areas for human exploitation of the gritstone uplands from the Neolithic to the post-medieval periods. Bronze Age activity accounts for the most intensive use of the moorlands. Evidence for it includes some of the largest and best preserved field systems and cairnfields in northern England as well settlement sites, numerous burial monuments, stone circles and other ceremonial remains which, together, provide a detailed insight into life in the Bronze Age. Also of importance is the well preserved and often visible relationship between the remains of earlier and later periods since this provides an insight into successive changes in land use through time. A large number of the prehistoric sites on the moors, because of their rarity in a national context, excellent state of preservation and inter-connections, will be identified as nationally important. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2,000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartment called cists. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalents of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. The round cairn 780m south west of Offerton House, although robbed of some stone, will retain undisturbed buried remains. Its complex structure, including evidence for a drystone kerb and platform extension, is unusual and important to our understanding of Bronze Age funerary monuments. DETAILS The monument includes a cairn situated on gently shelving moorland. It measures 13m by 11m and stands approximately 1m high. The centre of the cairn has been robbed of stone and there is evidence for an encircling drystone kerb. A low platform extends from the cairn to the south east measuring 6m by 3.5m. The cairn is interpreted as a Bronze Age burial cairn and is situated close to evidence for contemporary settlement and agriculture. SELECTED SOURCES Unpublished Title Reference - Author: Barnatt, J W - Title: Peak District Barrow Survey - Date: 1989 - Page References: 30:2 - Description: unpublished survey Book Reference - Author: Barnatt, J. W. - Title: Bronze Age Remains on the East Moors of Derbyshire - Date: 1986 - Journal Title: Derbyshire Archaeological Journal - Volume: 106 - Type: PLAN: SKETCH

External Links (0)

Sources (1)

  • Scheduling record: English Heritage. 1963. Scheduling Notification: Round cairn 780m south west of Offerton House. List entry no. 1016624. SM Cat. No. 173.



Grid reference Centred SK 2067 8062 (11m by 10m)
Map sheet SK28SW

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Record last edited

Oct 11 2013 9:04AM

Comments and Feedback

Do you have any more information about this record? Please feel free to comment with information and photographs, or ask any questions, using the "Disqus" tool below. Comments are moderated, and we aim to respond/publish as soon as possible.