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Scheduled Monument: BRUNDCLIFFE HLAEW (1013225)

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Authority English Heritage
Other Ref SM Cat. No. 200
Date assigned Friday, September 17, 1971
Date last amended Friday, January 8, 1993


REASONS FOR DESIGNATION A hlaew is a burial monument of Anglo-Saxon or Viking date and comprising a hemispherical mound of earth and redeposited bedrock constructed over a primary burial or burials. These were usually inhumations, buried in a grave cut into the subsoil beneath the mound, but cremations placed on the old ground surface beneath the mound have also been found. Hlaews may occur in pairs or in small groups; a few have accompanying flat graves. Constructed during the pagan Saxon and Viking periods for individuals of high rank, they served as visible and ostentatious markers of their social position. Some were associated with territorial claims and appear to have been specifically located to mark boundaries. They often contain objects which give information on the range of technological skill and trading contacts of the period. Only between 50 and 60 hlaews have been positively identified in England. As a rare monument class all positively identified examples are considered worthy of preservation. Although Brundcliffe hlaew has been partially disturbed by excavation and quarrying, the monument is reasonably well preserved and retains significant archaeological remains. DETAILS Brundcliffe hlaew, or Anglian barrow, is situated in the western uplands of the limestone plateau of Derbyshire. The monument includes a bowl-shaped mound, disturbed on the south-west side by quarrying so that it now has a sub- circular appearance and measures 14m by 11m in diameter by c.1m high. In 1847 the barrow was partially excavated by Thomas Bateman who recovered an extended skeleton in a rock-cut grave, accompanied by an iron and wood object with silver ornamentation and associated with traces of wooden planking interpreted as the remains of a coffin. In addition there was a curved iron knife and the sherds of a red earthenware jug of a rare Frankish type not normally found outside Kent. Jugs of this kind date from the 6th century AD and after, indicating a date for the barrow of c.AD600. Higher in the mound Bateman found a horse cremation and charcoal. Excluded from the scheduling are the wall and fence crossing the top of the mound but the ground underneath is included. SELECTED SOURCES Book Reference - Author: Barnatt, J. - Title: The Peak District Barrow Survey - Type: DESC TEXT Book Reference - Author: Barnatt, John - Title: Peak District Barrow Survey - Date: 1989 - Type: PLAN: MEASURED - Description: Site 29;27 Book Reference - Author: Bateman, Thomas - Title: Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire - Date: 1849 - Type: DESC TEXT Book Reference - Author: Marsden, B. M. - Title: The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire - Date: 1986 - Type: DESC TEXT Book Reference - Author: Meaney, A. - Title: A Gazeteer of Early Anglo-Saxon Burial Sites - Date: 1964 - Type: DESC TEXT Article Reference - Author: Fowler, M J - Title: The Anglian Settlement of the Derbys-Staffs. Peak District - Date: 1954 - Journal Title: Derbyshire Archaeological Journal - Volume: 74 - Type: DESC TEXT - Description: Pagination 134-151 Article Reference - Author: Ozanne, A - Title: The Peak Dwellers - Date: 1962 - Journal Title: Medieval Archaeology - Volume: 6/7 - Type: DESC TEXT

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Sources (1)

  • Scheduling record: English Heritage. 1971. Scheduling notification: Brundcliffe Hlaew. List entry no. 1013225. SM Cat. No. 200.



Grid reference Centred SK 1588 6147 (13m by 14m)
Map sheet SK16SE

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Record last edited

Aug 9 2013 11:42AM

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