Monument record MDR1542 - Hlaew, 350m west of Brundcliffe Farm, Hartington Town Quarter
Type and Period (4)
- BARROW (Saxon - 410 AD to 1065 AD)
- COFFIN (Saxon - 410 AD to 1065 AD)
- ROUND BARROW ? (Bronze Age - 2350 BC? to 701 BC?)
- CIST (Saxon - 410 AD to 1065 AD)
SK 1589 6146. Tumulus. (1). According to an Ordnance Survey map, Human Remains, Vase, Knife &c. were found at this location. (2). The barrow was excavated by T. Bateman on 20th February 1847, revealing an extended inhumation in a rock-cut grave. The associations included an unusual pot of Frankish type, not even common in Kent, probably dating from the 6th to 7th centuries A.D. There was also an iron knife, and an iron and wood object with a silver ornament / setting. Traces of decayed wooded planks around the skeleton, may represent remains of a coffin. Some 18" (0.45 metres) below the surface of the mound, Bateman discovered much charcoal and burnt animal bones indicating a possible horse cremation. From the same level, a sherd and an antler tine allow for a possible prehistoric origin for the barrow. (3-5,7,8,10). The published survey (25") was revised. (6). There is some dispute as to whether the excavated pot is Roman or Frankish. Ozanne (5) noted that "… It would be surprising to find a complete Frankish vessel in Derbyshire of a type not represented in Kent". Regarded by Bateman and Reginald Smith as a local Romano - British or sub-Roman product. The south-west side of the barrow has been quarried away and the rest ploughed over, a wall and fence running between the two areas. The original diameter was probably about 11 by 12 metres. No original record of a later excavation by Bateman (in 1854) has been found and this may be in error. (10). Brundcliffe hlaew, or Anglian barrow became a scheduled monument on the 17th September 1971. it is situated in the western uplands of the limestone plateau of Derbyshire. The monument includes a bowl-shaped mound, disturbed on the south-west side by quarrying so that it now has a subcircular appearance and measures 14 metres by 11 metres in diameter by c. one metre high. In 1847 the barrow was partially excavated by Thomas Bateman who recovered an extended skeleton in a rock-cut grave, accompanied by an iron and wood object with silver ornamentation and associated with traces of wooden planking interpreted as the remains of a coffin. In addition there was a curved iron knife and the sherds of a red earthenware jug of a rare Frankish type not normally found outside Kent. Jugs of this kind date from the 6th century AD and after, indicating a date for the barrow of c.AD600. Higher in the mound Bateman found a horse cremation and charcoal. (11). The pottery vessel and iron knife are now in the Sheffield City Museum. (12).
- <1> SDR11764 Map: Ordnance Survey (OS). 1955. 6".
- <2> SDR11728 Map: Ordnance Survey (OS). 25".
- <3> SDR2903 Bibliographic reference: Bateman, T. 1848. Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire. pp 101-102.
- <4> SDR6839 Article in serial: Fowler, M. 1954. 'The Anglian Settlement of the Derbyshire-Staffordshire Peak District', Derbyshire Archaeological Journal. Volume 74, pp 134-151. p147, photo.
- <5> SDR12503 Article in serial: Ozanne, A. 1962-3. 'The Peak Dwellers', Medieval Archaeology. Volume 6-7. p52.
- <6> SDR6372 Personal Observation: F1 JB 17-FEB-66.
- <7> SDR8643 Bibliographic reference: Marsden, B. 1977. The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire. p50.
- <8> SDR6903 Bibliographic reference: Meaney, A. 1964. A Gazetteer of Early Anglo-Saxon Burial Sites.
- <9> SDR10811 Index: North Derbyshire Archaeological Committee (NDAC). North Derbyshire Archaeological Committee Index. 1977: 1134.
- <10> SDR2466 Unpublished document: Barnatt, J. 1989. The Peak District Barrow Survey (updated 1994). Site 7.28.
- <11> SDR20175 Scheduling record: English Heritage. 1971. Scheduling Notification: Brundcliffe hlaew. Cat. No.: 200. Cat. No.: 200.
- <12> SDR7282 Bibliographic reference: Howarth, E. 1899. Catalogue of the Bateman Collection of Antiquities in the Sheffield Public Museum. p210, 234.
|Grid reference||Centred SK 1588 6147 (12m by 12m) (Centre)|
|Civil Parish||HARTINGTON TOWN QUARTER, DERBYSHIRE DALES, DERBYSHIRE|
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Related Events/Activities (3)
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Record last edited
Feb 10 2015 9:03AM