Scheduled Monument: GREEN LOW RINGCAIRN (1009521)

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Authority English Heritage
Other Ref SM Cat. No. 225
Date assigned Friday, January 28, 1972
Date last amended Monday, January 11, 1993

Description

REASONS FOR DESIGNATION A ring cairn is a prehistoric ritual monument comprising a circular bank of stones up to 20m in diameter surrounding a hollow central area. The bank may be kerbed on the inside, and sometimes on the outside as well, with small uprights or laid boulders. Ring cairns are found mainly in upland areas of England and are mostly discovered and authenticated by fieldwork and ground level survey, although a few are large enough to be visible on aerial photographs. They often occur in pairs or small groups of up to four examples. Occasionally they lie within round barrow cemeteries. Ring cairns are interpreted as ritual monuments of Early and Middle Bronze Age date. The exact nature of the rituals concerned is not fully understood, but excavation has revealed pits, some containing burials and others containing charcoal and pottery, taken to indicate feasting activities associated with the burial rituals. Many areas of upland have not yet been surveyed in detail and the number of ring cairns in England is not accurately known. However, available evidence indicates a population of between 250 and 500 examples. As a relatively rare class of monument exhibiting considerable variation in form, all positively identified examples retaining significant archaeological deposits are considered worthy of preservation. Although Green Low ringcairn has been partially disturbed by excavation, the outer bank and much of the interior are reasonably well preserved and will contain further significant archaeological remains. DETAILS Green Low ringcairn is situated on the northern gritstone moorlands of Derbyshire. The monument includes a roughly circular bank of grassed-over stone and also the features enclosed by this bank which include the disturbed remains of a low mound and a number of pits. The bank stands c.0.5m high and is between 2m and 3m wide. It forms a ring measuring 21.5m by 20m inside which there are two large pits on the south side, each measuring c.1m by 0.75m. North of these, lying slightly off-centre, is a low sub-circular ring of c.6m diameter inside which, at the northern end, is another smaller pit. These are the remains of a mound partially excavated by W J Andrew in 1908 and found to contain a collared urn, two stone implements and an incense cup. Ringcairns date to the Early and Middle Bronze Age and it is not yet clear whether the Bronze Age artefacts recovered by Andrew belong to the period of construction or to a slightly later phase of secondary use. SELECTED SOURCES Book Reference - Author: Andrew, W.J. - Title: Memorials of Derbyshire - Date: 1907 - Type: DESC TEXT - Description: Pagination 74, 80-2 Book Reference - Author: Barnatt, J. - Title: The Peak District Barrow Survey - Type: DESC TEXT Book Reference - Author: Barnatt, J. - Title: The Peak District Barrow Survey - Type: PLAN: MEASURED Book Reference - Author: Bunting, W.B. - Title: Chapel-en-le-Frith - Date: 1940 - Type: DESC TEXT - Description: Pagination 5 Book Reference - Author: Marsden B - Title: The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire (1977) - Date: 1977 - Type: DESC TEXT Article Reference - Author: Tristram, E. - Title: The stone circle known as the Bull Ring, Doveholes - Date: 1915 - Journal Title: Derbyshire Archaeological Journal - Type: DESC TEXT

External Links (0)

Sources (1)

  • Scheduling record: English Heritage. 1972. Scheduling Notification: Green Low ringcairn. List entry no. 1009521. SM Cat. No. 225.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SK 0840 8298 (31m by 31m)
Map sheet SK08SE
Civil Parish CHAPEL EN LE FRITH, HIGH PEAK, DERBYSHIRE

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Record last edited

Aug 21 2013 11:07AM

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