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Scheduled Monument: LONG DALE BOWL BARROW (1007992)

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Authority English Heritage
Other Ref SM Cat. No. 338
Date assigned Wednesday, February 16, 1994
Date last amended

Description

REASONS FOR DESIGNATION Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Although partially disturbed by excavation, Long Dale bowl barrow survives reasonably well and retains further significant archaeological remains. DETAILS This monument is situated on the edge of Long Dale in the central uplands of the limestone plateau of Derbyshire. It includes a sub-circular mound measuring 12 metres by 10 metres and standing c.0.6 metres high. The mound is slightly higher to the east than to the west where it levels out gradually into the side of the dale. A partial excavation carried out by Thomas Bateman in 1857 revealed a limestone cist or grave comprising two compartments, one of which contained the disarticulated bones of some twelve adults and children mixed with charred wood and burnt bone, animal bones, potsherds and a flint knife or spearpoint. The second compartment contained a crouched female skeleton accompanied by pottery fragments and flint artefacts. The remains indicate a Late Neolithic or Bronze Age date for the barrow. SELECTED SOURCES Book Reference - Author: Barnatt, J. - Title: The Peak District Barrow Survey - Date: 1989 - Type: DESC TEXT - Description: Site 8;23 Book Reference - Author: Barnatt, J. - Title: The Peak District Barrow Survey - Date: 1989 - Type: PLAN: MEASURED - Description: Site 8;23 Book Reference - Author: Bateman, Thomas - Title: Ten Years Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Grave-Hills (1861) - Date: 1861 - Page References: 102 - Type: DESC TEXT

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Sources (1)

  • Scheduling record: English Heritage. 1994. Scheduling Notification: Long Dale Bowl Barrow. List entry no. 1007992. SM Cat. No. 338.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SK 1867 6080 (14m by 14m)
Map sheet SK16SE
Civil Parish MIDDLETON AND SMERRILL, DERBYSHIRE DALES, DERBYSHIRE

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Record last edited

Aug 21 2013 2:49PM

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