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Authority English Heritage
Other Ref SM Cat. No. 139c
Date assigned Wednesday, March 16, 1955
Date last amended Wednesday, January 12, 1994


REASONS FOR DESIGNATION Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. All the barrows on Calton Pastures have been disturbed by excavation and ploughing, but all are nevertheless reasonably well preserved and retain substantial areas of intact archaeological deposits. DETAILS The monument is one of a dispersed alignment of five bowl barrows situated on Calton Pastures in the eastern gritstone moorlands of Derbyshire. It includes an oval mound measuring 20m by 14m which originally stood c.2m high. An excavation trench, taken across the top of the barrow from west to east, has left a scar c.0.5m deep. This may have been the work of Thomas Bateman who carried out a partial excavation of this barrow in 1850 and found pieces of a decorated pottery vessel. It may also be the barrow on Calton Pastures that was opened by Major Rooke in 1779 or 1787 and found to contain the remains of a cremation and a pottery food vessel inside a cist or stone-lined grave. A Bronze Age date has been assigned to the barrow. SELECTED SOURCES Book Reference - Author: Barnatt, J - Title: The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989) - Date: 1989 Book Reference - Author: Barnatt, J - Title: The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989) - Date: 1989 Book Reference - Author: Bateman, T. - Title: Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire - Date: 1848 - Page References: 22 - Type: DESC TEXT Book Reference - Author: Bateman, Thomas - Title: Ten Years Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Grave-Hills (1861) - Date: 1861 - Page References: 64-65 - Type: DESC TEXT Book Reference - Author: Marsden B - Title: The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire (1977) - Date: 1977 - Page References: 32-33 - Type: DESC TEXT

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Sources (1)

  • Scheduling record: English Heritage. 1955. Scheduling Notification: Bowl barrow on Calton Pastures, 600m south-west of Calton Houses. List entry no. 1007997. SM Cat. No. 139c.



Grid reference Centred SK 2413 6806 (25m by 25m)
Map sheet SK26NW

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Record last edited

Sep 26 2013 3:21PM

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