Scheduled Monument: BOLE HILL BOWL BARROW (1011202)
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|Other Ref||SM Cat. No. 317|
|Date assigned||Thursday, January 13, 1994|
|Date last amended|
REASONS FOR DESIGNATION Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Although Bole Hill bowl barrow has been partially excavated and disturbed by stone-getting, it is still reasonably well-preserved and retains further significant archaeological remains. DETAILS The monument is situated on the shelves south of the Wye Valley on the limestone plateau of Derbyshire. It has a hilltop location and includes a roughly circular mound with a diameter of 21m and a height of c.1m. The mound has been partially robbed for wall stone and was the site of a partial excavation carried out by Thomas Bateman in 1854. Bateman found a primary crouched skeleton accompanied by a circular flint artefact, and the disturbed remains of a number of other burials, some of which had been cremations. A bronze knife was also found and these remains date the barrow to the Bronze Age. In addition, a green glass stud and a sherd of red, kiln-baked pottery indicate that the barrow was re-used at a later date, possibly in the Roman period. The modern field wall crossing the edge of the monument is excluded from the scheduling although the ground underneath is included. SELECTED SOURCES Book Reference - Author: Barnatt, John - Title: The Peak District Barrow Survey - Date: 1989 - Type: DESC TEXT - Description: Site 6;3 Book Reference - Author: Bateman, Thomas - Title: Ten Years Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Grave-Hills - Date: 1861 - Page References: 90-91 - Type: DESC TEXT Book Reference - Author: Marsden B - Title: The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire (1977) - Date: 1977 - Page References: 11 - Type: DESC TEXT
External Links (0)
- SDR21560 Scheduling record: English Heritage. 1994. Scheduling notification: Bole Hill Bowl Barrow. List entry no. 1011202. SM Cat. No. 317.
|Grid reference||Centred SK 1828 6770 (23m by 21m)|
|Civil Parish||BAKEWELL, DERBYSHIRE DALES, DERBYSHIRE|
Related Monuments/Buildings (1)
Record last edited
Jul 31 2013 4:35PM