Scheduled Monument: RODKNOLL FANCY BARROW (1007999)

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Authority English Heritage
Other Ref SM Cat. No. 119
Date assigned Monday, December 29, 1952
Date last amended Friday, February 25, 1994

Description

REASONS FOR DESIGNATION Saucer barrows are funerary monuments of the Early Bronze Age, most examples dating to between 1800 and l200 BC. They occur either in isolation or in barrow cemeteries (closely-spaced groups of round barrows). They were constructed as a circular area of level ground defined by a bank and internal ditch and largely occupied by a single low, squat mound covering one or more burials, usually in a pit. The burials, either inhumations or cremations, are sometimes accompanied by pottery vessels, tools and personal ornaments. Saucer barrows are one of the rarest recognised forms of round barrow, with about 60 known examples nationally, most of which are in Wessex. The presence of grave goods within the barrows provides important evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst prehistoric communities over a wide area of southern England as well as providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a rare and fragile form of round barrow, all identified saucer barrows would normally be considered to be of national importance. With its sub-rectangular banks and opposing entrances, Rodknoll fancy barrow is an unusual example and, together with Hob Hurst's House, illustrates the high degree of regional variation associated with this class of monument. Although somewhat disturbed by partial excavation, its architectural features survive well and it will retain further significant archaeological remains. DETAILS Rodknoll fancy barrow is situated on Brampton East Moor in the eastern gritstone moorlands of Derbyshire. The monument is a form of saucer barrow comprising a squat bowl-shaped mound enclosed by a ditch and an external bank. Although the mound is roughly circular, the enclosure defined by the outer bank is sub-rectangular and measures, to the outside of the banks, 22.5m by 21m. Although disturbed by excavation, the mound appears originally to have been c.0.75m high and the ditch is c.2m wide and 1m deep. The bank is 2m wide and c.0.5m high and, unusually, there are roughly opposing entrances through the bank and ditch on the north and south sides of the monument. The barrow was partially excavated by Court in 1940 and by the Chesterfield Archaeological Group in 1953. Their findings were not published and so a precise date cannot be assigned to the barrow. However, its close similarity to nearby Hob Hurst's House indicates that it was constructed in the Bronze Age. SELECTED SOURCES Book Reference - Author: Barnatt, J - Title: The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989) - Date: 1989 Book Reference - Author: Barnatt, J - Title: The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989) - Date: 1989 Book Reference - Author: Marsden B - Title: The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire (1977) - Date: 1977 - Page References: 24 - Type: DESC TEXT Article Reference - Author: Barnatt, John - Title: Bronze Age Remains on the East Moors of the Peak District - Date: 1986 - Journal Title: Derbyshire Archaeological Journal - Volume: 106 - Page References: 18-100 - Type: DESC TEXT - Description: Fig.12 on page 57

External Links (0)

Sources (1)

  • Scheduling record: English Heritage. 1952. Scheduling Notification: Rodknoll Fancy Barrow. List entry no. 1007999. SM Cat. No. 119.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SK 3019 6984 (17m by 15m)
Map sheet SK36NW
Civil Parish BRAMPTON, NORTH EAST DERBYSHIRE, DERBYSHIRE

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Record last edited

Sep 12 2013 2:46PM

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