Mid-to-late C18 dwelling and dairy, adapted for use as a public house in the early C19, and with a domestic extension of the late C19. Later, C20, alterations have been followed by alterations to form two dwellings, underway at the time of inspection (July 2010).
MATERIALS: Coursed squared gritstone to the front elevation, rubble gritstone and limestone to other elevations. The building has a Staffordshire Blue tile roof covering with brick chimneys, all repaired in 2010. Parts of the wet cellar and some of the later extensions to the building are built of red brick.
PLAN: L-shaped in plan; the former public house within the north-west end, the earlier dwelling and later extension at right angles forming the southeast range.
EXTERIOR: The front elevation to the former public house is aligned southwest to north-east. It is of two storeys with a single doorway at the eastern end. There is an 8-over-8 pane, horned sash window to the ground floor and a 15-pane casement directly above, set within the surround of a former 2-light flush-mullioned window. The rear section of the double-gabled south-west end has a 10-over-10 pane horned sash window to the first floor, and a flight of stone steps against its ground-floor wall leading to higher ground at the rear of the house. The westernmost wall is faced in red brick with a first-floor doorway and a 12-over-12 pane, horned sash window, both with deep lintels. The south-east range is of two storeys and five bays. It is comprised of a late-C18, double-fronted house to which was added a two-bay extension. The earlier house has a doorway with a stone surround with massive gritstone jambs and deep bonding stones below the lintel. The doorway is flanked by recently installed, C21, 2-over-2 pane sashes set beneath deep stone lintels. The first-floor window frames are of matching design, their lintels set at eaves level. The extension to the right has a doorway and a single window opening. This and the two matching upper floor windows have C21, 2-over-2 pane sash frames. To the rear of the building are two-storey lean-to extensions to both parts of the building, one in brick, the other in stone. Built at right angles to the brick extension is a C21 lean-to addition with a blue clay tile roof.
INTERIOR: Much of the building's interior was being repaired at the time of inspection, with defective plasterwork and joinery having been removed. Within the former public house area, a small servery incorporating a sash window and settles, all of early-C20 date, remain in situ. The fire surround is late C19 or early C20 but the large plain stone fireplace behind reflects the building's earlier origins. Adjacent to this area is a dry cellar with stone benching around the perimeter. At right angles to the dry cellar, to the rear of the building, is a barrel-vaulted wet cellar. The rear wall and ceiling are of brick, whilst the remainder of the walls are of stone. The cellar has a brick channel in the floor, and a salting trough and salting stones around the perimeter. A series of iron hooks and bars are attached to the ceiling. A ventilation shaft extends vertically from the cellar to the ground surface behind the main building. The later C18 house has two plain late-C18 stone hearth surrounds with cast iron hob grates to the first-floor rooms, and is otherwise of plain character. The roof structure has been largely renewed, but retains a single tie beam truss made up of roughly-shaped rather than sawn timbers. The C19 house has a stick baluster staircase with turned newel posts and a tall ground-floor fireplace.
HISTORY: The evolution of the present complex appears to have begun with a small mid-late C18 dwelling and attached dairy, later enlarged, then adapted to form a public house and then further extended to provide an additional dwelling. An early-C20 photograph shows the earlier parts of the building forming the public house, with multi-pane sash and casement frames to window openings and sign boards above the doorways. The building was the last of three public houses in the village serving the needs of local quarry men and lead miners. The name Miners Standard refers to the dish used by the miners for measuring lead ore.
Samuel Bagshaw: History, Gazetteer and Directory of Derbyshire (1846)
REASONS FOR DESIGNATION DECISION: This building is designated at Grade II, for the following principal reasons:
*Architectural interest: it is a substantially intact example of vernacular building traditions retaining clear evidence of its development from the C18 to the late C19.
*Historical interest: the building reflects the historical development of its location in which lead mining and quarrying replaced agriculture as the major sources of employment in a settlement which derived its name from the lead mining industry.