REASONS FOR DESIGNATION
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.
Although partially disturbed by stone-robbing, Cow Low bowl barrow is a reasonably well preserved example containing significant intact archaeological deposits.
Cow Low bowl barrow is a sub-circular cairn situated on the eastern edge of Combs Moss in a hilltop location in the western gritstone moorlands of Derbyshire. The monument includes a mound measuring 23m by 20m which survives to a height of c.0.6m. Originally the mound would have been somewhat higher, but the surface of the cairn has been disturbed in the past by stone robbing; probably for walling at the time of the Enclosures Acts. The barrow may also have been partially excavated by Thomas Bateman in the mid-nineteenth century when a barrow near Buxton, known as Cow Low, was found to contain a hexagonal cist containing two skeletons and a food vessel. In addition to these
remains, the overall appearance and location of the barrow and its proximity to other monuments of the period, indicate that it dates to the Bronze Age.
Book Reference - Author: Barnatt, J - Title: The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989) - Date: 1989 - Type: DESC TEXT
Book Reference - Author: Barnatt, J - Title: The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989) - Date: 1989 - Type: PLAN: MEASURED
Book Reference - Author: Bateman, T. - Title: Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire - Date: 1848 - Page References: 93 - Type: DESC TEXT
Book Reference - Author: Marsden B - Title: The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire (1977) - Date: 1977 - Page References: 27 - Type: DESC TEXT
Article Reference - Author: Manby T G - Title: Food Vessels of the Peak District (1957) - Date: 1957 - Journal Title: Derbyshire Archaeological Journal - Volume: 77 - Page References: 1-29 - Type: DESC TEXT