(Medieval to Late 20th Century - 1250 AD to 1999 AD)
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At Odin Mine, Knowlesgate and Engine Soughs and Blue John Mine surface features to the east include a fine crushing circle/wheel with rare iron track and 'tyre', gin circle with associated run-in/filled shafts, a disturbed belland yard wall and disturbed dressing floor/hillocks. Nearby there is the Knowlesgate Sough bolt with a line of sough shaft hillocks between it and the mine. West of the road is an impressive opencut into the hillside, with a small entrance to a side vein to the north side, with a diverted stream in a leat running above and to the side of the main opencut. The opencut gives access to large, extensive, underground stopes, a slab-roofed level and a drystone-arched/slab-roofed cart gate. Further west there are spaced shafts (run-in or capped) and associated hillocks that were sunk to workings under the shale. At one shaft mineral was brought to surface but these large hillocks have now been largely removed and there is a 20th century tramway bed associated with this latter activity. The other shaft hillocks include two or possibly three mounds along the early Engine Sough and a probable small shaft mound on another shale gate or trial. One shaft has a leat and this may have been used for a water blast. Odin Mine is documented as active in the second half of the 13th century. The Blue John Mine (currently a show cave) contains shafts sunk to natural caverns and historically important Blue John pipe deposits worked from the 18th century onwards. See also SMR 3327 Odin Mine, SMR 33104 Blue John Mine and SMR 3360 Engine Sough. (1)
Bibliographic reference: Barnatt, J. 2004. An Inventory of Regionally & Nationally Important Lead Mining Sites in the Peak District. Vol. 2: Corpus of Sites. p 3-4, site no. 1.
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Centred SK 1310 8333 (1347m by 451m)
CASTLETON, HIGH PEAK, DERBYSHIRE
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Record last edited
Apr 1 2015 9:30AM
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