Monument record MDR2277 - Dirtlow Rake, Castleton
Type and Period (6)
- CRUSHING CIRCLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- LEAD MINE (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
- COE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- HORSE WHIM (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- RAKE (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
- MINE SHAFT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
Dirtlow Rake runs from SK 1477 8176 - SK 1558 88225 - SK 1480 8187. Spectacular open slope showing mineralisation, pickwork, methods of working etc. Best easily accessible example (used, for example, by BBC Landscape series). (7) At SK 148 818 is a small gin circle, shaft and coe. This is the only remaining gin circle near Dirtlow Rake. (9) Lead rake, part-filled, part open. Within the open portion there are areas showing pick marks of probable medieval working. Associated shafts along and adjacent to the rake, are of Post-Medieval date. There is one complex of coe, shaft, crushing circle and wheel. There is only one gin circle left along the rake. (10) This mineral vein was the largest and most important in the Castleton area. Today , it has largely been reworked and landscaped to the east and is in the process of reworking in the west. Several shafts and grills have been retained though, and one small intact area of waste-heaps contains a coe, crushing circle and gin circle. It is unknown when the vein was first worked but it may have been from the medieval period or earlier. It is marked on a map from 1691. (12) Surface interest includes deep opencuts with fine pickwork of early date on Pindale Side and Dirtlow Rake, mostly within large belland yards, with several grilled shafts and stopes in restored ground. The mines at Dirtlow are documented as active in 1538 but may have been earlier in their origins. (13)
- <1> SDR8907 Bibliographic reference: Maure, J. 1802. The Geology and Minerology of Derbyshire..
- <2> SDR3913 Article in serial: Chatburn, H E. 1962. 'The surface remains of Dirtlow Rake', Bulletin of the Peak District Mines Historical Society. Volume 1, Number 7. pp 22-26.
- <3> SDR8157 Bibliographic reference: Kirkham, N. 1968. Derbyshire Lead Mining through the Centuries..
- <4> SDR10751 Bibliographic reference: Nixon, F. 1969. The Industrial Archaeology of Derbyshire. p 26.
- <5> SDR15081 Bibliographic reference: Stevenson, I et al.. n.d.. The Geology of the country around Chapel-en-le-Frith.
- <6> SDR6994 Bibliographic reference: Harris, H. 1971. Industrial Archaeology of the Peak District. p 43.
- <7> SDR19101 Unpublished document: Willies, L. 1977. Description and map, Peak Park Treasure no. C85.
- <8> SDR4754 Bibliographic reference: Ford, T & Rieuwerts, J. 1983. Lead Mining in the Peak District, 3rd edition. pp 8, 22, 50-54.
- <9> SDR19109 Bibliographic reference: Hill, R (PPJPB). 1985. Peak Park Treasures. Rieuwerts, J; C250; 1987.
- <10> SDR13556 Verbal communication: Rieuwerts, J. 1988. Pers. Comm..
- <11> SDR19161 Unpublished document: Peak District National Park Authority (PDNPA). Parish file. Plan.
- <12> SDR20408 Unpublished document: Barnatt, J (PDNPA). 1992. Aston Hall, land at Castleton, Derbyshire, archaeological survey, 1992. No. 35, p 7.
- <13> SDR19821 Bibliographic reference: Barnatt, J. 2004. An Inventory of Regionally & Nationally Important Lead Mining Sites in the Peak District. Vol. 2: Corpus of Sites. No. 6, pp 12-13.
- <14> SDR18971 Photograph: Peak District National Park Authority (PDNPA). Slide Collection. 3362.1-16.
- <15> SDR18970 Photograph: Peak District National Park Authority (PDNPA). Black and white photograph collection. 462.12A-16A.
|Grid reference||Centred SK 1485 8190 (1052m by 626m) (Centred on)|
|Civil Parish||CASTLETON, HIGH PEAK, DERBYSHIRE|
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Record last edited
Jul 22 2019 3:40PM