Monument record MDR2294 - Peakshill or Oden Sough, Peakshill Farm, Castleton and Peak Forest
Type and Period (2)
- DRAINAGE LEVEL (Georgian to Victorian - 1726 AD to 1900 AD)
- SHAFT (Georgian to Victorian - 1728 AD to 1900 AD)
SK 1170 8268: Oden at Peakshill Sough. SK 117 828: A series of mounds centred at SK 117828 are spoil mounds from surface quarrying. (2) Sough associated with Odin Mine (Derbys 258, SMR 3327). Started in 1728 its route can be identified by a series of airshafts and hillocks below Rushup Edge c.65m (70yds) apart. These are along the line of the sough as it dives through the shales towards the range of the vein deep in the limestone beneath. It is a mining technique unusual within Derbyshire, thought to be unique nationally and one used to locate veins deeply buried beneath the shale cover, for prospecting and for drainage. (6) Linear arrangement of thirteen features above the line of the sough. The sough was originally driven in 1728-1729 but failed to find Odin Vein (5). The date of the reopening of the level is undocumented although it is likely to be before 1869 as Odin Mine closed at this date. (7). The Oden or Odin Mine is one of the oldest in the region: it is thought to have been worked as early as the 13th century. Plagued by drainage problems Oden Mine had several soughs driven. The Peakshill Sough was driven between 1726 and 1729. The sough is visible as a linear series of well preserved shaft mounds - the remains of ventilation shafts 10m - 30m apart, 8m - 15m across and 1m - 3m in height. The larger mounds are at the northern and southern ends of the sough. (8) Rare example of twelve or thirteen closely packed ventilation shaft hillocks along the line of a sough or shale gate. Pairs of hillocks near the tail indicate an undocumented re-driving. (9).
- <1> SDR8156 Article in serial: Kirkham, N. 1962. Letter: Bulletin of P.M.H.S.,. Vol.7.
- <2> SDR6289 Personal Observation: F1 FRH 01-OCT-65.
- <3> SDR6726 Article in serial: Ford, T & Rieuwerts, J. 1976. 'Odin Mine, Castleton', Bulletin of the Peak District Mines Historical Society. Volume 6, No. 4, pp 1-54.
- <4> SDR4754 Bibliographic reference: Ford, T & Rieuwerts, J. 1983. Lead Mining in the Peak District, 3rd edition. p 26, 59.
- <5> SDR16407 Article in monograph: Rieuwerts, J. 1987. History & Gazetteer of the Lead Mine Soughs of Derbyshire. p 4, fig 2.
- <6> SDR13556 Verbal communication: Rieuwerts, J. 1988. Pers. Comm..
- <7> SDR20428 Unpublished document: Barnatt, J (PDNPA). 1993. Peakshill Farm, Peak Forest, archaeological survey, 1993. No. 1, p 1.
- <8> SDR18211 Scheduling record: English Heritage. 1998. Scheduling Notification. 30954. Cat. No.:401.
- <9> SDR19821 Bibliographic reference: Barnatt, J. 2004. An Inventory of Regionally & Nationally Important Lead Mining Sites in the Peak District. Vol. 2: Corpus of Sites. No. 2, pp 5-6.
|Grid reference||Centred SK 1171 8292 (123m by 434m) (Centred on)|
|Civil Parish||CASTLETON, HIGH PEAK, DERBYSHIRE|
|Civil Parish||PEAK FOREST, HIGH PEAK, DERBYSHIRE|
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (1)
Please contact the HER for details.
External Links (0)
Record last edited
Mar 11 2015 1:18PM