Monument record MDR2300 - Hollandtwine Mine (site of), Dirtlow Rake, Castleton
Type and Period (6)
- LEAD MINE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- COE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- WINDING CIRCLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- MINE SHAFT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- CRUSHING CIRCLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- DRAINAGE LEVEL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- None recorded
Connected at times to Hayard mine to the west and both drained through the 'great swallow' in Hollands twine, at 610ft, probably into Peak Cavern. The surface is being reworked for minerals. (1) Hollandtwine Mine. This large mine complex on Dirtlow Rake has now been destroyed by the recent reworking along the vein. Prior to this destruction there was a coe, a gin circle and adjacent winding shaft which was open to c.115m, and a crushing circle with wheel, all near the centre of a large wasteheap. The mine, which reached a depth of c.130m, is known to have intersected a natural pothole in the vein, known as the 'Great Swallow', which reached a depth of c.185m. This may have been used to drain both Hazard Mine and Hollandtwine Mine in the late 18th or early 19th centuries. (4)
- <1> SDR4754 Bibliographic reference: Ford, T & Rieuwerts, J. 1983. Lead Mining in the Peak District, 3rd edition. pp. 50, 52.
- <2> SDR16407 Article in monograph: Rieuwerts, J. 1987. History & Gazetteer of the Lead Mine Soughs of Derbyshire.
- <3> SDR12667 Personal Observation: Smith, K (PPJPB). 1991. Personal observations regarding monuments in the Peak District, 1991.
- <4> SDR20408 Unpublished document: Barnatt, J (PDNPA). 1992. Aston Hall, land at Castleton, Derbyshire, archaeological survey, 1992. No. 113, p 16.
|Grid reference||Centred SK 1405 8118 (260m by 269m) (Centre)|
|Civil Parish||CASTLETON, HIGH PEAK, DERBYSHIRE|
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (1)
Please contact the HER for details.
External Links (0)
Record last edited
Jul 22 2019 3:41PM