Monument record MDR4181 - Bronze Age field system, Ladybower Inn, Bamford
Type and Period (3)
- CAIRNFIELD (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
- ENCLOSURE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
- CAIRNFIELD (Medieval - 1066 AD? to 1539 AD?)
SK 208 863: A number of small stone heaps and an almost circular bank were recorded by the Hunter Archaeological Society. (1, 2) Not located. (3) The area given is a north projecting hill spur on northwest facing slopes heavily covered by thick heather and strewn with occasional outcrops of rock and boulders. There is no circular bank or any stone heaps. At SK 20808628 is a roughly circular hollow about 5.0 m in diameter edged with some rock. It appears to be a natural formation and it is almost certainly this that has been interpreted by Authority 1 as a circular bank. His "small stone heaps" are probably natural knolls. No survey action. (4) SK 20758627. Group centred. A small concentration of sites span a relatively flat shelf at approx 320-325m OD. It has a large stone-free area at its centre (suggesting ?19th century clearance for enclosure), and a series of orthostatic walls defining two small enclosures at its southwestern end. By analogy these are probably Romano-British in date, and their proximity to the other remains casts some doubt in the interpretation of the latter as prehistoric. The largest cairn is 6.5m x 5.5m in diameter and has had its centre removed. This had led it to be interpreted in the past as either a house or a ringcairn. However, traces of an outer kerb to the south, the lack of formal internal setting and the irregularity of bank width indicate a robbed cairn. (5) Recent opinion would assign some of the Peak cairns a medieval origin. (6) Scheduled. The monument includes a cairnfield and linear clearance banks situated within a stone-cleared area. Together they form the remains of a prehistoric field system dating to the Bronze Age. At the south-western end of the field system are low, irregular field banks containing orthostats. These are unlikely to be contemporary with the prehistoric field system, but created through partial reuse of the site during the Romano-British period. The remains of a settlement dating to this period stand a short distance to the west. (7)
- <1> SDR15460 Index: Transcript Hunter Index Vol. 2 D/16 8 (F.L. Preston).
- <2> SDR5710 Bibliographic reference: 1960. East Midland Archaeological Bulletin, No. 3. p 1.
- <3> SDR6050 Bibliographic reference: F1 BHS 01-OCT-65.
- <4> SDR6609 Personal Observation: F2 ISS 26-MAY-78.
- <5> SDR16424 Article in serial: Barnatt, J. 1986. 'Bronze Age remains on the East Moors of the Peak District', Derbyshire Archaeological Journal. Volume 106, pp 18-100. p23-4.
- <6> SDR15205 Article in serial: Makepeace, G (Hunter Archaeological Society). 1987. 'An archaeological survey of Bamford and Hathersage Outseats, Derbyshire', Trans. Hunter Arch. Soc.. Volume 14, pp 43-55.
- <7> SDR18360 Scheduling record: English Heritage. 1998. Scheduling Notification. 29833. Cat. No.:426.
- <9> SDR10000 Index: North Derbyshire Archaeological Trust (NDAT). North Derbyshire Archaeological Trust Index. 0184, 0190.
|Grid reference||Centred SK 2076 8627 (249m by 301m) (Multiple Site Centre)|
|Civil Parish||BAMFORD, HIGH PEAK, DERBYSHIRE|
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Related Events/Activities (3)
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Record last edited
Apr 17 2015 9:02AM