Skip to main content

Monument record MDR7515 - Pitts Mine, south of Winster Primary School, Winster

Type and Period (7)

  • (Stuart to Victorian - 1660 AD to 1880 AD)
  • (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status/Designation

Full Description

Extensive lead mine complex including shafts, buddles, water channels, ponds, horse gins and winding shafts. There was also a probable counting house. The area was worked c.1660-1880. The site is relatively complete and contains the most buddles of any site in the ore field, as well as being of a type rarely seen elsewhere. (1-3). The mine became a scheduled monument on the 2nd January 1997. (4). Well documented from the mid 17th century, Woolley 7/55. Bagshawe Collection, Brooke-Taylor Collection. In 1978 it was considered that the site could be incorporated into the Winster Nature Trail. (5). Photographic record. (6-8). Winster Pitts lead mining including a large waste heap, a buddling complex, two more groups of buddles and rectanglar stone-lined pits. The Pitts here were worked from the mid 17th century to the mid 19th century, although the main period of use was in the second half of the 18th century. (9). This area has been specified as a high priority site in terms of lead mining. The surface features at Winster Pitts include buddles, leats, ore dressing pits, ponds and dams. There is also a gin circle and ruined coe. Underground workings include shafts, pipe workings and drainage levels. (10). Site monitoring has been carried out and site appears not to be under threat. (11)

Sources/Archives (11)

  • <1> Verbal communication: Rieuwerts, J & Willies, L. Pers. Comm.. 1988.
  • <2> Article in serial: Willies, L. 1975. 'The washing of lead ore in Derbyshire during the 19th century', Bullettin of the Peak District Mines Historical Society. Vol. 6 (2), pp 53-59. pp 53-59.
  • <3> Unpublished document: Wolley / Woolley. Wolley Manuscript.
  • <4> Scheduling record: English Heritage. 1997. Scheduling Notification. 27211. Cat. No.: 379.
  • <5> Bibliographic reference: Hill, R (PPJPB). 1985. Peak Park Treasures. C79.
  • <6> Photograph: Peak District National Park Authority (PDNPA). Slide Collection. 15418:1-7.
  • <7> Photograph: Peak District National Park Authority (PDNPA). Black and white photograph collection. 439.11A-13A.
  • <8> Photograph: Peak District National Park Authority (PDNPA). 1998-2001. Peak District National Park Authority Farm Surveys. 1998:302.17.
  • <9> Unpublished document: Taylor, H (PDNPA). 1998. Bank Top Farm, Winster, Bonsall, South Darley, Derbyshire, archaeological survey 1998. p23, illus.
  • <10> Bibliographic reference: Barnatt, J. 2004. An Inventory of Regionally & Nationally Important Lead Mining Sites in the Peak District. Vol. 2: Corpus of Sites. p125.
  • <11> Unpublished document: Marriott, J (PDNPA). 2011. Scheduled Monument Monitoring Form: Winster Pitts and Drummer's Venture.



Grid reference Centred SK 2468 6029 (437m by 208m) (Centre)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (2)

  • EDR4105
  • EDR3219

Please contact the HER for details.

External Links (0)

Record last edited

Sep 1 2015 11:55AM

Comments and Feedback

Do you have any more information about this record? Please feel free to comment with information and photographs, or ask any questions, using the "Disqus" tool below. Comments are moderated, and we aim to respond/publish as soon as possible.